Insights on the Synoptic Problem
And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God,
to them who are the called according to his purpose.
One of the greatest revelations the Lord gave during the writing of the Bible Wheel book has to do
with parallel passages in which we find very similar records with curious variations. The scholarly literature on this subject
is enormous. Stephen C. Carlson has presented an excellent introduction to it with many links to other sites on his
. Here is how he explains it
in his :
The synoptic problem is an investigation into the existence and nature of the literary interrelationship among
the first three "synoptic" gospels. Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the synoptic gospels, in contrast with John, because
they can readily be arranged in a three-column harmony called a "synopsis." Unlike John, the synoptic gospels share a great number of
parallel accounts and parables, arranged in mostly the same order, and told with many of the same words.
Any proposed solution to the synoptic problem, therefore, must account for these literary similarities among the synoptics,
not so much in terms of their factual content, but in the selection of that content, the arrangement of the material, and wording of
The Bible Wheel reveals the solution to the Synoptic Problem. The evidence is both overwhelming and incontrovertible.
It proves that the variations were designed by God
in perfect and precise accordance with the KeyWords He prophetically placed in the Alphabetic Verses.
The patterns are consistent throughout all three synoptic
Gospels. Here is a brief overview of the most significant results. More details are in the Bible Wheel book. I will
add them to this site as I find time. [I have since added an article discussing God's design of the parallels between
the books of Kings and 2 Chronicles called Priestly History of the Faithful Kingdom of Judah. ]
Spoke 18: Matthew and Righteousness (Tzaddi KeyWord Tzedakah)
As discussed in the article on Matthew called To Fulfill All Righteousness,
Spoke 18 is dominated by themes based on
the primary Tzaddi KeyWords Tzedaqah (Righteousness) and Tzaddiq (Righteous One)
which God used in many Alphabetic Verses corresponding to
Tzaddi (see list in God's Righteousness Goes Forth!).
Thus the Lord God Almighty inspired Matthew to consistently insert righteousness into
the parallel passages where it is missing in Luke. Note particularly the third entry in the table (Matt 6:33 vs. Luke 12:31):
|Parallel Verses where Matthew = Luke + Righteousness|
|[5:6] Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
||[6:21] Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. |
|[5:10] Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the king¨dom of heaven.
||[6:22] Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of manís sake.|
|[6:33] But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
||[12:31] But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added unto you.
|[10:40] He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophetís reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous manís reward.
||[9:48] And said unto them, Whosoever shall receive this child in my name receiveth me: and whosoever shall receive me receiveth him that sent me: for he that is least among you all, the same shall be great.|
|[13:17] For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.
||[10:24] For I tell you, that many prophets and kings have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them.|
|[23:35] That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.
||[11:50] That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
|[23:29] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,
||[11:47] Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. |
Spoke 19: Mark and the Quph KeyWord Qal (Swift)
Mark is known as the Gospel of Action because his narrative is very swift.
This links to the Quph KeyWord Qal (Swift) which God used in the Quph verse of Lamenatations 4:19:
Our persecutors are swifter (qal) than the eagles of the heaven: they
pursued us upon the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness.
Scripture uses this KeyWord to describe a fast runner, such as Asahael who was "as light (qal)
of foot as a wild roe" (2 Sam 2:18). Swanson's Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains notes that
as a noun, the word qal defines "a class of persons that can move quickly from one place to another, implying fitness,
strength, and health, with a central focus on running." This then leads directly to the supernatural integration
of Mark with this Quph KeyWord. The table below shows four verses from Mark that have parallels in both Matthew and Luke,
and one with a parallel only in Matthew. In each and every case, God distinguished Mark with the word run.
The parallel verses in Matthew and Luke use phrases like "met him," "followed him," or "came to him" with no reference to running.
In these parallel verses, only Mark runs. The consistency of this miracle is truly astounding.
|Parallel Verses where ONLY MARK RUNS|
|The Demon Legion Cast Out|
|[8:28] there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs,
||[5:2] But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him,
||[8:27] there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time
|Five Thousand Fed|
|[14:13] and when the people had heard thereof, they followed him on foot out of the cities. And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them ...
||[6:33] And the people saw them departing, and many knew him, and ran afoot thither out of all cities, and outwent them, and came together unto him. And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people ...
||[9:11] And the people, when they knew it, followed him: and he received them, and spake unto them of the kingdom of God, and healed them that had need of healing.
|Boy with Deaf and Dumb Spirit Healed|
|[17:14] And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying, Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire ...
||[9:15] And straightway all the people, when they beheld him, were greatly amazed, and running to him saluted him. Ö When Jesus saw that the people came running together, he rebuked the foul spirit ...
||[9:37] And it came to pass, that on the next day, when they were come down from the hill, much people met him. And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child.
|What shall I do to Inherit Eternal Life?|
|[19:16] And behold, one came to him and said, Teacher, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?
||[10:17] And as he was going forth into the way, there ran one to him, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Teacher, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
||[18:18] And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?
|Healing at Gennesaret|
|[14:34] And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent out into all that country round about, and brought unto him all that were diseased;
||[6:54] And when they were come out of the ship, straightway they knew him, And ran through that whole region round about, and began to carry about in beds those that were sick ...
Spoke 20: Luke and the Resh KeyWord Ra'ah (Look/See)
As disucssed in the Spoke 20 article The Lord Looks, one
of the Resh KeyWords that God used most frequently in the Alphabetic Verses is
means to see, to look, to behold, to gaze upon.
Here are a few examples from the Alphabetic Verses (indicated by the AV):
- Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins. AV Ps 25:18
- Behold, O LORD; for I am in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: AV Lam 1:20
- Behold, O LORD, and consider to whom thou hast done this. AV Lam 2:20
- O LORD, thou hast seen my wrong: judge thou my cause. AV Lam 3:59
This manifests in parallel passages where the Lord God Almighty inspired Luke to insert the
word "see" when it is missing in Matthew:
|Parallel Verses where Luke = Matthew + See|
|Parable of the Fig Tree|
|[24:32] Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh:
||[21:29] And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees; When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.
|The Light that must not be Hid|
|[5:15] Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.
||[8:16] No man, when he hath lighted a candle, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed; but setteth it on a candlestick, that they which enter in may see the light.
[11:33] No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.
|Sitting with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the Kingdom of God|
|[8:11] And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
||[13:28] There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out. And they shall come from the east, and from the west, and from the north, and from the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom of God.
There is yet one more wonder that must be shared. This is like a capstone to all we have seen above.
Whereas all four Gospels record Peter's denial of
the Lord, ONLY LUKE mentions that the Lord turned and LOOKED at Peter!
|Four Gospel Parallels where the Lord LOOKS upon Peter only in Luke|
||Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew. And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.
||But he began to curse and to swear, saying, I know not this man of whom ye speak. And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.
||And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
||One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
All the information above is taken from the Bible Wheel book.