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  1. #11
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    The Genetic Code and the Gauss Algorithm

    Dear folks,

    an extraordinary pattern has been discovered in the genetic code centred on the Gauss Algorithm.

    Here are my first pages on this extra-ordinary discovery. Much more to follow....

    When the 20 amino acids of the genetic code are arranged in a 4 x 5 table, it is found that the atomic sums for the rows and columns are part of the Gauss Algorithm. These numbers form perfect balances - adding to the same total.

    This essay is far from complete. What is unravelling is a truely incredible pattern. I just wanted to give you this first installment.

    See "The Gauss Algorithm" at


    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 02-17-2010 at 02:35 PM.

  2. #12
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    New References concerning the Patterns in the Genetic Code

    There has been an intensifying of research into the mathematical patterns within the genetic code. These patterns show that the code was present in a complete form prior to life itself - to quote Shcherbak -

    The genetic code turns out to be a syntactic structure of arithmetic, the result of unique summations that have been carried out by some primordial abacus at least three and half billion years ago.
    They refute traditional ideas about the stochastic origin of the genetic code. A new order in the genetic code hardly ever went through chemical evolution and, seemingly, originally appeared as pure information like arithmetic itself.
    What is emerging from the researches of Shcherbak and others is absolutely amazing. Here are links to their latest publications -

    Rakocevic - "Genetic Code as a Harmonic System

    Shcherbak - "The Arithmetic Origin of the Genetic Code (2008)

    Rakocevic - "A Harmonic Structure of the Genetic Code" (2004)

    I will add further links as I discover them.


    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 02-26-2010 at 08:57 AM.

  3. #13
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Pattern in the Amino Acids

    I am going to display each of the patterns one at a time. Here is the first one relating to the molecular masses of each of the 20 amino acids.

    Amino Acid Masses

    Reference :
    M.M Rakocevic "Journal of Theoretical Biology" 229 (2004) 221-234


    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 02-20-2010 at 02:59 AM.

  4. #14
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Peer review by Stephen Coneglan

    Dear Folks

    Here is a peer review of these discoveries that I received from Steve Coneglan. I believe that it is important to publish peer reviews since the scientific method insists upon such a process for evaluating new findings.

    Dear Craig,

    As ever, I checked your findings with a fine-toothed comb.
    I'm not the kind of person who just accepts someone's word when it comes to this kind of thing.
    For peer review purposes, I like all the strengths and weaknesses of an argument to be out in the open.
    Your latest findings have passed the muster, and brilliantly so, adding another incredible chapter to the story of the genetic code.

    I individually checked the molecular weights for each of the 20 standard amino acids on Wikipedia.
    There were a few extremely slight errors in the weights of 5 amino acids that you quoted in the table you created.
    Amazingly, when these are adjusted to the Wikipedia values, exact divisions of the number 037 eventuate.
    Let me give you the details of the amendments that need to be made to the molecular weights for 5 of the amino acids.
    After you have considered the adjustments, perhaps you might want to comment on the exactness of the number 037 at your webpage.
    After all is said and done, the discovery is yours.

    These are the 5 amino acids whose values should be adjusted in your table to reflect the values found for each at Wikipedia:

    1.Tryptophan (W): 204.23
    2.Isoleucine (I): 131.17
    3.Histidine (H): 155.15
    4.Leucine (L): 131.17
    5.Glutamine (Q): 146.14

    By adjusting the values for these 5 amino acids in your table, the following data apply in respect of the columns:

    Column 1:

    1.Aspartic acid: 133.1
    2.Arginine: 174.2
    3.Lysine: 146.19
    4.Histidine: 155.15
    5.Glutamic acid: 147.13

    The total for Column 1 is:

    •133.1 + 174.2 + 146.19 + 155.15 + 147.13 = 755.77

    Column 2:

    1.Asparagine: 132.12
    2.Phenylalanine: 165.19
    3.Tyrosine: 181.19
    4.Tryptophan: 204.23
    5.Glutamine: 146.14

    The total for column 2 is:

    •132.12 + 165.19 + 181.19 + 204.23 + 146.14 = 828.87

    Column 3:

    1.Alanine: 89.09
    2.Proline: 115.13
    3.Threonine: 119.12
    4.Serine: 105.09
    5.Glycine: 75.07

    The total for Column 3 is:

    •89.09 + 115.13 + 119.12 + 105.09 + 75.07 = 503.5

    Column 4:

    1.Leucine: 131.17
    2.Isoleucine: 131.17
    3.Methionine: 149.21
    4.Cysteine: 121.16
    5.Valine: 117.15

    The total for Column 4 is:

    •131.17 + 131.17 + 149.21 + 121.16 + 117.15 = 649.86

    From the Wikipedia data, the totals for all four columns are:


    The following sums apply:

    •Column 1 + Column 4 = 755.77 + 649.86 = 1405.63 = (2 x 703) - 0.37
    •Column 2 + Column 3 = 828.87 + 503.5 = 1332.37 = (2 x 666) + 0.37
    •Column 1 + Column 2 + Column 3 + Column 4 = 755.77 + 828.87 + 503.5 + 649.86 = 2738 = 2 x 37 x 37

    The adjusted totals for the 5 rows are:


    Incredibly, the combined molecular weight for all 20 amino acids comes out to an exact integer.
    That integer is 2738.
    There is no decimal remainder.

    I have not read Rakocevic, so I have no idea why Rakocevic created the table as a 4 x 5 template.
    Does this grouping have something to do with the properties of the amino acids?
    What I do know is that the difference between the sums for Columns 1 + 4, and Columns 2 + 3, is mediated by a remainder of 0.37.
    This difference of 0.37 mediates the sums from being exact integer multiples of 37.
    Tweaking your table to reflect these amended values might be a good idea.
    The witness that Wikipedia offers to your values would be of inestimable value.
    Also, I feel the function of the adjustment number 0.37 adds a bit more spice to proceedings.

    Taking stock, we know from Shcherbak's work that there are 2735 nucleons total in the 20 canonical amino acids.
    Allowing for the proline adjustment, in which Boulay's hypothesis is the most stimulating, 1480 of these nucleons make up the 20 bases.
    We also know that these can be arranged through symmetrical positionings of the 64 codons to produce many sums that are multiples of 037.

    Boulay's proline hypothesis is worth commenting on here.
    He posits a neutron from the radical functioning as a proton as it connects to the base.
    In this schema, we would have an extra proton (in the base) and one less neutron (in the radical).
    This means that the nucleon count remains unaffected.
    However, it creates an extra atom, as a single proton equates to a hydrogen atom.
    If Boulay is correct, some form of exchange might be going on at the quark level to change a neutron into a proton.
    This suggests that information, data processing, is at work at the subatomic level.
    Even more interesting is what this does at the atomic level.
    An extra hydrogen atom adjusts for the total number of atoms in the 64 codons.
    Without Boulay's hypothesis, there are 1143 atoms total in the 64 codons.
    With Boulay's adjustment, the four extra hydrogen atoms coded for the four proline codons bring that number up to 1147 = 31 x 37.

    Returning to Shcherbak's numerical discoveries.
    What your latest finding, via Rakocevic, adds to the work of Shcherbak is the fine tuning.
    The decimal appendages for the molecular weights of the 20 canonical amino acids sum to 3.00.
    This supplements the nucleon number of 2735, bringing it up to 2738, as 2735 + 3.00 = 2738.
    It is hard to fully grasp the simplicity and the beauty of this.
    Even the nucleon number gets tweaked by the actual molecular weight remainders to come to an exact multiple of 037.
    Thus, Shcherbak, Rakocevic and Boulay all point to the primacy of the number 037.
    Words fail me.

    Stephen Coneglan
    Stephen Coneglan used Wikipedia to get the most accurate molecular weights of the Amino Acids. In doing so, he has discovered that Rakocevic's pattern is even more precise and profound. The Genesis 1 pattern is precisely embodied.

    In ALL living organisms there are only 20 amino acids, coded by the genetic code. The total molecular weight of all 20 amino acids comes to precisely 2738 = 2 x 37 x 37. This means that the average molecular weight for each amino acid is 37 x 3.7 precisely.

    We see many balances and symmetries in the table. All the balances are centred on 37 x 3.7 (the average molecular weight for all 20 amino acids)
    What is really, really incredible is how the table embodies the numbers 703 and 666 in such a symmetrical way.

    The two outer columns = 2 x 703
    The two inner columns = 2 x 666
    The upper half = 703 + 666
    The bottom half = 703 + 666

    a perfect embodiment of the Genesis 1 v 1 pattern

    Oddly enough, when Stephen used Wikipedia to obtain the exact molecular weights, he found that the columns summed as follows

    Column 1 and 4
    2 x 703 - 0.37

    Column 2 and 3
    2 x 666 + 0.37

    This is interesting because 666 + 37 = 703 and 703 - 37 = 666. It is uncanny that the columns should balance in this way.

    Look at this
    (2 x 703 - 0.37) + (2 x 666 + 0.37) = 2 x 37 x 37 exactly
    (2 x 703 - 0.37) - (2 x 666 + 0.37) = 2 x 37 exactly

    Certainly these findings command our attention, and demand a deeper investigation. What we are looking at here does not seem like chance at all.

    Could this be a literal understanding of the phrase "And the Word (373) was made flesh"?

    Craig Paardekooper
    March 2010
    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 12-11-2010 at 03:01 AM.

  5. #15
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Perfect symmetry of masses

    Dear Folks,

    You have to see this! I have just finished updating the table of the amino acids. You will be interested to discover that the table now has both vertical and horizontal symmetry such that the top half = 703 + 666, and the bottom half = 703 + 666, and the two central columns = 2 x 666 and the two outer columns = 2 x 703

    It is quite remarkable isn't it. It seems that Vernon really did discover the key in Genesis 1. Further understanding will be needed to flesh out this discovery. For example, a question arises as to what the fundamental unit of mass is. Is mass measured in an arbitrary unit that people created, or is it a pure dimensionless number, like a ratio relative to the mass of the fundamental particle.

    Here is the link -Amino Acid Masses

    Regards Craig
    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 02-24-2010 at 03:03 AM.

  6. #16
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
    Yakima, Wa
    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    Dear Folks,

    You have to see this! I have just finished updating the table of the amino acids. You will be interested to discover that the table now has both vertical and horizontal symmetry such that the top half = 703 + 666, and the bottom half = 703 + 666, and the two central columns = 2 x 666 and the two outer columns = 2 x 703

    It is quite remarkable isn't it. Vernon really did discover the key in Genesis 1. He did it. I can barely believe it myself.

    Here is the link -Amino Acid Masses

    "And the Word was made flesh"

    Regards Craig
    Thanks for the link! It will require a little study for me to really appreciate what it means. The link to the numbers of Genesis 1:1 is very intriguing indeed!
    • Skepticism is the antiseptic of the mind.
    • Remember why we debate. We have nothing to lose but the errors we hold. Who but a stubborn fool would hold to errors once they have been exposed?

    Check out my blog site

  7. #17
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    The Unit of Molecular Mass

    The molecular masses given in the table are in grams per mole. All of the molegular masses quoted by Steve Coneglan are in grams per mole.

    The molar mass of atoms of an element is given by the standard atomic weight of the element[5] multiplied by the molar mass constant, Mu = 1×10–3 kg/mol = 1 g/mol

    The molar mass constant is always = 1, so effectively the figures for the molar mass of each amino acid molecule = the sum of the standard atomic weights of the atoms that make up the molecule.

    M(H) = 1.007 97(7) × 1 g/mol = 1.007 97(7) g/mol
    M(S) = 32.065(5) × 1 g/mol = 32.065(5) g/mol
    M(Cl) = 35.453(2) × 1 g/mol = 35.453(2) g/mol
    M(Fe) = 55.845(2) × 1 g/mol = 55.845(2) g/mol.

    Multiplying by the molar mass constant ensures that the calculation is dimensionally correct: atomic weights are dimensionless quantities (ie, pure numbers) whereas molar masses have units (in this case, g/mol).

    So the ATOMIC WEIGHT always equals the molar mass, since the constant is 1.

    Some elements are usually encountered as molecules, eg hydrogen (H2), sulfur (S8), chlorine (Cl2). The molar mass of molecules of these elements is the molar mass of the atoms multiplied by the number of atoms in each molecule:

    M(H2) = 2 × 1.007 97(7) × 1 g/mol = 2.015 88(14) g/mol
    M(S8) = 8 × 32.065(5) × 1 g/mol = 256.52(4) g/mol
    M(Cl2) = 2 × 35.453(2) × 1 g/mol = 70.906(4) g/mol.

    Atomic weight (symbol: Ar) is a DIMENSIONLESS physical quantity, the ratio of the average mass of atoms of an element (from a given source) to 1/12 of the mass of an atom of carbon-12.

    A carbon atom has 6 protons, 6 neutrons and 6 electrons

    Mass of proton : 1,6726 x 10^(-27) kg
    Mass of neutron: 1,6749 x 10^(-27) kg
    Mass of electron: 0,00091x10^(-27) kg

    This means that the unit of mass used to determine the molecular masses of the amino acids =

    (6 protons + 6 neutrons + 6 electrons)/12

    It is therefore interesting that if we took the fundamental unit of mass as 1 proton + 1 neutron + 1 electron, then the total "mass" of the amino acids would be 37 x 37 exactly rather than 2 x 37 x 37.

    In this scenario, the outer columns would add to 703 and the inner columns would add to 666. The top half of the table would sum to (703 + 666)/2 and the bottom half would sum to (703 + 666)2

    It seems that the nearest we can get to a physical unit of mass is 1 proton + 1 neutron + 1 electron

    So it seems that the figures in the Amino Acid table are not based on an arbitrary human unit, but rather upon the unit occurence of each of the basic atomic particles. This is a pure number, and hence dimensionless.

    As an after-thought, it seems curious that science has chosen 1/12 of the carbon atom as the unit. Carbon is the basic element upon which life is based, and has a hexagonal structure. If carbon is the foundation element for life, then it seems appropriate that it 1/12 X carbon atom is the current unit.
    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 02-24-2010 at 04:00 AM.

  8. #18
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Carbon based life

    All life on earth is carbon based. Organic chemistry is the study of carbon compounds

    ATOMS : Carbon is the element central to all life

    MOLECULES: The amino acids are the building blocks of life

    So what is the mass of the amino acids relative to the mass of Carbon?

    If Carbon is made the unit mass for organic molecules, then the sum of the masses of all 20 amino acids comes to (37 x 37)/6 exactly.

    If we arranged the amino acids in a 4 x 5 table as in the link below, then the outer columns would sum to 703/6, and the inner columns to 666/6

    The 5 rows would divide precisely in half to give (703 + 666)/12 for the upper half, and (703 + 666)/12 for the lower half

    The point I am making is that relative to the mass of the central element of life, the mass of the amino acids is distributed in accordance with multiples of 37 and 6, and altogether the 20 amino acids form an arrangement with both horizontal and vertical symmetry that just happens to embody the three key numbers of Genesis 1 v 1 namely - 703, 666 and 12

  9. #19
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Peer Review by Peter Bluer

    I sent the findings to Peter Bluer, in Manchester UK. He has reviewed the research and confirmed the accuracy of the findings. He has confirmed both the vertical and horizontal symmetry found in the amino acid table.

    Peter Bluer rang me today to let me know that he has also found some new patterns where by the amino acid table divides symmetrically into 3 x 666 and 703 + 37. He found these new patterns by moving one column whilst still preserving all the original patterns.

    You can view his patterns here -


    Craig Paardekooper

  10. #20
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
    London UK

    Update from Steve Coneglan and Vernon

    Here is an update I just received from Steve Coneglan -

    Greetings Craig,

    Thank you for the extra details.
    I have been reading Dr. Bluer's webpages for many years now.
    I'd had a hiatus of a few years before checking in on his work again about three months ago.
    It was there that I saw his adaptations of your findings.
    His webpages are excellent resources.
    Top marks to you yet again for getting in touch with Dr. Bluer.

    Dr. Bluer has done an admirable job in adapting the work of the researcher Boulay.
    I never understood Boulay until I read Bluer.
    Now, when I look at Boulay's own webpages, his work is easy to understand.
    Boulay has found amazingly integrated numerical patterns in the genetic code involving the integers 7, 11, and 13.
    However, his main contribution is, I believe, his hypothesis concerning proline.
    It really is quite brilliant, and I think it is a step above and beyond Shcherbak's proline hypothesis.
    The net result of Boulay's proline hypothesis is a total of 1147 atoms constituting the 64 codons.
    1147 = 31 x 37, this number featuring prominently on the NJ cube and the Star of Israel.
    In fact, it features no less than three times symmetrically on both.
    Further, Dr. Bluer points out the significance of these two prime factors.
    37 is the key prime signifier of Genesis 1:1 = 37 x 73.
    31 is the key prime signifier of John 1:1 = 3 x 13 x 31 x 3.

    Dr. Bluer has also done further work with Shcherbak's patterns.
    This work can be viewed at youtube under Dr. Peter Bluer's name.
    I particularly like the way in which he summarised Shcherbak's fourth and fifth patterns.
    It becomes evident that the combined nucleon total for the fourth pattern sums to 4588.
    4588 = 2 x 2 x 31 x 37.
    The factors 31 and 37 are once more present.
    Further, the total nucleon sum for the fifth pattern is 3330.
    This number appears gematrically in two places in the Bible of which I'm aware.

    The first place is at 1 Peter 2:6 (one of my favourite chapters of the Bible).
    The adapted Isaianic quote reads: idou tithemi en Sion lithon akrogoniaion = "Behold, I set up in Zion a chief corner stone."
    This excerpt sums to 3330, and has no textual variants of which I am aware.

    The second excerpt comes from 1 John 1:7.
    Here, the numerical evidence heavily favours the TR rendering over the NA27/UBS version.
    It is a complex numerical entity, as, indeed, is the entire verse.
    The excerpt reads: to haima Iesou Christou tou huiou = "The blood of Jesus Christ the Son."
    The total for the excerpt is 4440, with the underlined Christ the Son summing to 3330.
    It is worth looking at the numerical structure of this excerpt.

    The first word, to, sums to 370.
    The next two words, haima Iesou, sum to 740.
    Thus, the next two words have twice the value of the first word.
    The first three words, to haima Iesou, sum to 1110.
    The power set for these three words sums to 3330.
    The last three words, Christou tou huiou, sum to 3330.
    Thus, the last three words have three times the value of the first three words.
    There is an extremely tight organisation ordering this excerpt.
    It revolves around the number 37, or 370.
    But that is not all!

    In discussing this phenomenon with Richard, it came to his attention that the number 31 also plays a leading role in the latter portion of this verse.
    Allied to this was my own investigation of the entire verse.
    The number 37 plays a leading role in its organisation.
    It intersects with the number 31 at exactly the place which I have excerpted.
    From there, the number 31 plays the organising role to the end of the verse.
    If interested, you can find some of the details at the link, below.

    A final point is worth mentioning in relation to Dr. Bluer's videos at youtube.
    He includes a video excerpt in which the director of CERN is being interviewed.
    The director states that there are 37 blueprints whereby energy 'knows' how to become matter.
    With these 37 blueprints, physicists believe they can explain all of physical reality.
    If true, I wonder what these 37 blueprints are.

    Returning now to the content of your email.
    I received from Vernon a link wherein the molecular weights of the 20 canonical AAs are given to the fourth decimal.
    These are the figures Dr. Bluer has in his spreadsheet.
    It would seem that they are even more accurate than the figures obtained from Wikipedia.
    What remains is the convergence of the combined molecular weight on the number 2738.
    The amended value of 2378.0169 is of interest for the fact that the first decimal place holder has no value.
    This fact dictates that the integer 2738 is, for all intents and purposes, the figure that one should be working with.
    Nonetheless, with each rounded to the second decimal - as at Wikipedia - the combined molecular weight of the 20 canonical AAs is 2738.00.
    It is my conviction that this phenomenon ought to be incorporated into the findings thus far.
    (How much genuine value is actually added by going to four decimal places anyway?
    It might be useful for some[?], but rounding to two decimal places, as at Wikipedia, seems preferable, at least to me.
    The only proviso would be that the process of rounding to two decimals has been used.)

    Dr. Bluer has rejigged Rakocevic's 4 x 5 template of the 20 AAs to good effect.
    He has a penchant for that kind of thing.
    He discovered some interesting patterns from Shcherbak's work, too.
    However, as I recall, these did not allow for Boulay's proline hypothesis, so I had to somewhat reluctantly lay them aside.
    Boulay's work is far too detailed and beautiful in its symmetry for it not to be correct.

    This time, I think Dr. Bluer might be on to something.
    The pink and green celled diagram looks promising.
    The numbers are very close to exact, and are therefore indexical of design.
    The grid shows a pleasing symmetry in its appearance.
    However, to my mind, the yellow and purple celled diagram, while close, is too inexact to consider using.
    The numbers converge on 1997 and 741 rather than on 1998 and 740, and so must be reckoned as a near miss rather than a match.

    The next question that needs to be asked concerns the allocation of the AAs in the grid.
    Why are the AAs aligned in this manner?
    What properties dictate their distribution in this manner?
    I think this question needs to be answered before the findings can be presented.
    Otherwise, the findings might be reckoned as mere number juggling rather than anything intrinsic to the 20 AAs themselves or their properties.
    Vernon asked me this very question, and I replied that I'd like to know the answer to that question myself.

    I can tell you mine and Vernon's prayers are with you in this work of yours, Craig.
    You have unearthed the first realworld application for the numbers Vernon has discovered in Genesis 1:1.
    I could say the same thing in relation to the numbers I have discovered concerning the 12 sons of Israel.
    They map beautifully onto the work you have discovered in relation to the genetic code.
    The mapping is so exact in places that coincidence, as in happenstance, has to be ruled out.
    I know you concur with this view.

    All good wishes and blessings as you pursue this work, Craig.
    I look forward eagerly to the next turn in this tale.


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