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[History] > 19th Century - Quph - Age of Materialism

Spoke 19

Psalms, Mark, II John

The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.

Psalm 19

Topics in this Article
Dialectical Materialism
Quph and the Cycles of Nature
Evolution, Materialism, and the 19th Century
Heroic Materialism
The Atlantic Cable

Many people ask about my research methods. The integration of the Number n19 with the Bible Wheel and World History offers an apt example of the process. For many years I have been writing articles on the relation between the Number n19 and Physical Manifestation such as Grace Manifest Holograph (cf. Apemen and Evolution for more details). All I did then was hold the idea of Quph in my mind while scanning timelines of the major Nineteenth Century events, discoveries, and social movements. The results were immediate and obvious, as anyone can see by looking at the documentation below.

Dialectical Materialism

It is an eternal cycle in which matter moves, a cycle that certainly only completes its orbit in periods of time for which our terrestrial year is no adequate measure, a cycle in which the time of highest development, the time of organic life and still more that of the life of beings conscious of nature and of themselves, is just as narrowly restricted as the space in which life and self-consciousness come into operation; a cycle in which every finite mode of existence of matter, whether it be sun or nebular vapour, single animal or genus of animals, chemical combination or dissociation, is equally transient, and wherein nothing is eternal but eternally changing, eternally moving matter and the laws according to which it moves and changes. But however often, and however relentlessly, this cycle is completed in time and space, however many millions of suns and earths may arise and pass away, however long it may last before the conditions for organic life develop, however innumerable the organic beings that have to arise and to pass away before animals with a brain capable of thought are developed from their midst, and for a short span of time find conditions suitable for life, only to be exterminated later without mercy, we have the certainty that matter remains eternally the same in all its transformations, that none of its attributes can ever be lost, and therefore, also, that with the same iron necessity that it will exterminate on the earth its highest creation, the thinking mind, it must somewhere else and at another time again produce it.

Dialectics of Nature This link takes you off the Bible Wheel site and opens a new window. Frederick Engels [1883]

Dialectical Materialism is the theoretical foundation of the Materialist Conception of History This link takes you off the Bible Wheel site and opens a new window promulgated by Marx and Engels. This theory holds that Matter is supreme, as seen in the quote above. Note also the profound integration with the Theory of Evolution which is seen as an inevitable consequence of the eternal cycles of matter. This corheres precisely with the ancient Rabbinical undestanding of the Letter Quph, which they derived directly from Scripture, as we shall now see.

Quph and the Cycles of Nature

Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.

Psalm 19

This passage is discussed in context in the introductory article to Spoke 19, which I have had published for over two years. This is why the discovery of the integration of History with the Bible Wheel is such an overwhelming wonder - the articles I have had written for years were just sitting there waiting to be linked to the major events of World History! This is the grandest confirmation that any theory could have.

The word translated as "circuit" is pic (Tekuphah, S# H8622 is closely related to the name of the Nineteenth letter (the three central letters of Teckuphah spell Quph). Rabbi Munk gives us the report on how the Sages traditionally understand this letter [emphasis added, and notes in square brackets]:

The most obvous manifestation of God's majesty is expressed in nature and its cycles. Therefore the Sages relate the name Quph to haqaph, to go around, and haqaphah, cycle. The cycles of nature - the changing seasons, the monthly renewal of the moon, the twenty-eight year solar cycle - all teach man that there is a pattern and purpose to the Universe.

Could the contrast between theistic and atheistic presuppositions be any clearer? The very facts Munk sees as evidence of God are claimed by Engel as proof of his non-existence!

It is important to review the quotes of both Engel and Rabbi Munk to really grasp how Engel's words reflect a negative image of the meaning of the Number 19 as revealed in Scripture.

Evolution, Materialism, and the Nineteenth Century

The formulation of the biological theory of evolution by means of natural selection by Charles DARWIN virtually eliminated teleological explanations of biological phenomena and thereby buttressed material and physical interpretations of organic development. With the advances in chemistry achieved by Lavoisier (1743-94) in France and John Dalton (1766-1844) in England, the reductive analysis of natural phenomena to chemical substances, elements and processes bolstered the empirical, naturalistic and materialistic interpretations of phenomena. During the nineteenth century many philosophical thinkers sought to build theories on the foundation of scientific facts, principles or laws. The historical materialism developed by Marx and Engels sought to formulate laws of social, economic and historical development, but did not defend metaphysical materialism (see DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM). The general appeal of materialism in the nineteenth century is shown by the popularity of the 1855 work by Ludwig BÜCHNER, Kraft und Stoff (Force and Matter), which passed through sixteen editions. Although philosophically crude, it is an accessible compendium of popular materialism. In 1852, Jacob Moleschott had defended the reduction of force to matter, the doctrine of the conservation of matter, and a species of objective relativism in Der Kreislauf des Lebens (The Cycle of Life). Following the ill-chosen analogy between the brain and thought and the digestive system in Jean Cabanis' Rapports due physique et du moral de I'homme (Relations of the Physical and the Mental in Man) (1802), Karl Vogt proclaimed that the brain 'secretes' thought the way the liver secretes bile. Despite such excursions into, 'vulgar materialism', the nineteenth century became a period of intense debate for scientists and philosophers alike in regard to the limits of scientific knowledge and the, epistemological problems of metaphysical materialism. This was fuelled by a Neo-Kantian movement which Particularly in Geschichte des Materialismus (History of Materialism) (1865) by F.A. LANGE, held that materialism is a useful methodological principle in science, but questionable as a reductionist metaphysics. The concepts and postulates of science are theoretical entities or conventional notions formed by the mind. Their usefulness does not, according to Lange, warrant their role as bases for materialism.

George J. Stack This link takes you off the Bible Wheel site and opens a new window

The above is quoted from Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, ed. Edward Craig. 1998 Routledge, New York.


Heroic Materialism

British art historian Kenneth Clark coined the term Heroic Materialism to describe the engineering of the middle 19th century. Those Victorian engineers were melodramatic artists in iron. And Isambard Kingdom Brunel was the grandest artist of them all.

John H. Kienhard This link takes you off the Bible Wheel site and opens a new window

The theme of materialism in the Nineteenth Century appears also in unparalleled feats of engineering in iron and other technologies, such as the laying of the Atlantic Cable.

The Atlantic Cable

The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.

Psalm 19

The word translated as "line" in this verse is the fundamental Quph KeyWord pic (Qav, S# H6957) which appears in the Psalms only in Psalm 19. The stretching of this line "through all the earth" and its association with the "their words" going out "to the end of the world" sounds very much like the laying of the Atlantic Telegraphic Cable. The first message was sent on August 5, 1858 contained these words:

Europe and America are united by telegraphic communication. Glory to God in the highest, on earth, peace, good will towards men.

This returns us to the first verse of Psalm 19: GLORY TO GOD!

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