The early Christian Sacred Geometers called a circle with a circumference of 888 units “the living Jesus” because the diameter of his circle is 282 units, which is the gematria value of the Greek word bios (BioV), meaning “earthly life.”
~ Daniel Gleason, www.jesus8880.com
The quote above typifies the raving lunacy Daniel Gleason publishes on his site. There is not one shred of evidence that any early Christians drew a circle with circumference of 888 units and called it “the living Jesus.” How then could he make such an assertion? The answer is simple; he believes his numerology proves that’s what they must have been doing. He has since changed his words to “may have called” in response to my email asking for his justification. He said he would restore the original assertion after his book with his numerological proofs is published, as if mere numerology, without any textual or historical evidence, could prove what early Christians actually did and said.
Gleason got on my radar because one of his particularly obnoxious and deluded followers started spamming my comment stream with his theories, asserting they were absolute facts and that anyone who disagrees is either ignorant or insane. I have moved all his comments to this thread. Psychological scatologists should find them a rich resource for the study of how people maintain their delusions when confronted with contrary evidence.
Here is how Gleason explains his theory on his home page:
This may seem incredible: nobody in modern times before the publication of this book has ever recognized that the gematria value of key words such as “fishes,” “loaves,” “the net,” the “sun,” and the names “Jesus,” “John the Baptist,” “Simon Peter,” the collective names of his twelve apostles are all linked to each other through very simple geometric ratios based on “the number” of the name “Jesus” raised by a power of ten to the number “8880.” Matthew, Mark, and John used this geometric relationship extensively in their gospels! All the “mysteries” of Christianity are based on the metaphor of the raised Jesus (8880). Some striking examples are shown in the table below.
All the “mysteries” of Christianity are based on the metaphor of the raised Jesus (8880)? How does that work? Gleason explains:
The most important message of Christianity is that Jesus rose from the dead and the authors of the gospels made a geometric metaphor out of that claim by “raising” his living value (888) by a factor of 10 and then making a circle with a circumference of 8880 units to depict the “raised Jesus.” Enclosing the “raised Jesus” inside a square creates a graph which is a metaphor for “the Kingdom of God.” Circles representing the gematria values of the “living” Jesus, his apostles, and other characters can then be graphically depicted inside the “Kingdom” or “Jesus Graph.”
Every single verse in the Gospel of Mark uses this graph. Volume 1 of this book will demonstrate how the authors of the gospels incorporated gematria and sacred geometry riddles in their stories to proclaim the raised Jesus. Volume 2 will demonstrate how the auther of the Book of Revelation used the same “raised Jesus graph” as the gospels but employed a style of gematria that was far more advanced and sophisticated to reveal “Jesus Christ.”
Is there any evidence that any early Christians ever drew such pictures? Nope. None. Nada. Zilch. He just made that up, and asserted that “Every single verse in the Gospel of Mark uses this graph.”
The graph itself is trivial and meaningless. It has nothing to do with the specific value of the circumference. Ten stacked circles of an arbitrary circumference “c” will always fit in a circle of circumference 10 x c. And there is a much more significant problem. There is no way first century numerologists could have accurately drawn circles with a circumference of 8880 units. Even with modern computer graphics, the circle would have to be 8880/π = 2826 pixels wide for one unit to be represented by just a single pixel. Are we really supposed to think that first century “sacred geometers” were able to construct figures with that degree of accuracy? Here’s what Gleason says on his page Tools and Art of Sacred Geometry: How it was done:
In order to compose quick and accurate diagrams, a large permanent grid would need to be constructed. The grid could be inlaid into a large tabletop or even better, be built into a custom made floor. Thin wood disks or cutout papyrus circles could be placed on the grid to work out different scenarios and quickly create new diagrams. When a story was finished, a scribe could write down the carefully constructed words of the riddle. A skilled draftsman could then record the “mystery” in the form of accurate diagrams made with a compass, divider, ruler, and straightedge on ruled papyrus.
Folks in the first century had no way to accurately measure circumferences of 8880 units. Let’s be generous and assume that they used five foot circles engraved on a “custom made floor.” Such a circle would have had a circumference of 5π = 15.7 feet, so a single “unit” would have been 15.7/8880 = 0.0017 feet = .51 millimeters. That’s half a millimeter, engraved in a floor with ancient tools, and compared with circles made out of word and/or papyrus?
But that’s just the beginning of Gleason’s absurdities. There is no way the presumed numerologists could have marked 8880 units on the circumference. All they could do was “declare” that whatever circle they drew “represented” that number. So the picture itself was just a representation of mathematical calculations, which were either trivial, like 8880 = 888 x 10, or impossible because they would critically depend on an accurate value of pi that did not exist at that time.
|Name or Title||Gematria
|Jesus||888||74 x 12||888 x 10 = 8880|
|Christ||1480||74 x 20||1480 x 6 = 8880|
|John the Baptist||2220||74 x 30||2220 x 4 = 8880|
|Son of Man||2960||74 x 40||2960 x 3 = 8880|
|The raised Jesus||8880||74 x 120||8880 x 1 = 8880|
The core of Gleason’s claims are based on a tiny cherry-picked subset of names and titles that he forced to fit his pattern by arbitrarily and inconsistently including and excluding the Greek article. The table on the right is from his home page. Those names and numbers are the “key” to all his claims. To get the numbers he wanted, he omitted the article from both John the Baptist and The Son of Man. Neither of those name/titles are ever written in the NT as he has them in his table. The correct values are:
Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστὴς (John the Baptist) = 2290
ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου (The Son of Man) = 3030
The only accurate values in his table are those of Jesus = 888 and Christ = 1480. All his claims are based on the single, meaningless, random coincidence that those two numbers share a common factor of 296.
And what about all the other names and titles of Christ that don’t fit his pattern? What about the Savior, the Messiah, the Son of David, the Son of God? What about the Lamb of God, the Light of the World, the Bread of Life? What about the New Adam, the Second Adam, the Last Adam? Hundreds of values could be generated by calculating every variation based on including and excluding the articles. His table is a tiny insignificant subset of the set of all possibilities, and even then, he had to manipulate the numbers by removing articles to get the numbers he was looking for.
Now the really crazy thing is that Gleason inserted the article into the name “Simon Peter” to force it to fit one of his circles. Here is what he wrote (source):
The name Simon is a Proper Name. The word Petros is a Title meaning “The Stone.” The gematria value of the name and the Title together form a Sign that is a geometric multiple of the Raised Jesus (8880). The name Simon has a gematria value of 1,100 units. The word petros is a masculine noun and takes the masculine definite article “O.” The title therefore has a gematria value of 70 + 755 = 825 units. The name and title have a combined gematria value of 1925 units. The diagram below reveals Simon Peter’s sign.
Exactly four circles, each with a circumference equal to the gematria value of Simon the Stone(1925), fit inside a hexagon inscribed in the raised Jesus (8880). The blue circle inside the hexagon represents the “Sea of Galilee.” The gematria value of Simon the Stone (1925) is a geometric multiple of this “Sea” and of the Greek word “Fishes” (1224) as can be seen in the short essay that further explains the Sea of Galilee.
There is no example anywhere in Scripture of the name “Simon Peter” being written with an article before Peter. This shows the radical inconsistency of Gleason’s method. He excludes the articles in “John the Baptist” and “The Son of Man” to get numbers he wanted in one context, and then inserts the article in the name “Simon Peter” to get the number he wanted in a different context. He asserts that these are the numbers “intended” by the authors of the New Testament even though they never once actually wrote those names and titles that way.
Furthermore, his assertion that they fit “exactly” is not true. The radius of the circle with a circumference corresponding to “Simon the Peter” is 1925/2π = 306.37, so the stack of four circles has a length of 4 x 306.37 = 1225.49. The ratio of the large diameter of the 8880 circle (R, the circumradius) to the small diameter of the inner blue circle (r, the inradius) is given by the formula on the right (source). Plugging in the number 8880/2π = R yields 4r = 1223.96 which is off by 1.53. His calculations are not “exact” by any stretch of the imagination. His pages are with these kinds of errors. He is a textbook example of delusions reinforced by The Law of Near Enough described in David Hand’s excellent book The Improbability Principle: Why Coincidences, Miracles, and Rare Events Happen Every Day.
Here are some final examples of his outrageous inconsistency. To force the words “the way, the truth, and the life” to fit his pattern, he did the following:
The Way: He included the article to get the value 352 and set the diameter, not the circumference, to that value. He then stacked eight of those circles to get a length of 8 x 352 = 2816 and then multiplied that by pi to get 8846.72. He never presented this number to his readers. He chose rather to deceive them by hiding the actual number, which was off by a whopping 33.28 units, and reporting only the ratio of 8846.72/8880 x 100% = 99.6% to create the illusion of precision. His writings are filled with this kind of deception. It is how he deceives himself.
The Truth: He included the article to get the value 72 and set the circumference, not the diameter, to that value. He then stacked 111 nearly microscopic circles and topped it with a circle of circumference 888 (Jesus). He claimed that the result has an accuracy of 100%. This is true, but trivial. All he did was note that 72 x 111 + 888 = 8880. The result had nothing to do with any geometry. It was just basic arithmetic. He had many numbers to play with. He cherry picked the numbers 111 and 888 because he saw that he could use them to create his pattern. He could make up countless patterns with this trick. For example, he could start with 8880 – 666 = 6 x 1369 and stack six circles labeled “1369” topped off with a circle labeled “666.” It’s totally meaningless bullshit.
The Life: He excluded the article to get 815, and set the circumference, not the diameter, to that value. He then inscribed a hexagram in the 8880 circle and said “Amazingly, a Star of David inscribed inside the raised Jesus (8880) graph has sides of “815” units. (by calculation each side is 815.96 units which by the colel rule of gematria makes each side equal to 815 units). At least he reported the true value. Unfortunately, the “colel rule” is just an institutionalized form of the “Law of Near Enough” which numerologists use to deceive themselves.