So there you have it ... the word that the Holy Scripture uses for "mark" can literally denote MONEY.
is an engraved, etched, branded, or inscribed 'mark' or 'sign.' Closest to the original sense of χαράσσω
(→ line 17 f.; 418, 3ff.) is the earliest example in Soph. Phil.
, 267, where χάραγμα
denotes the bite of a snake. Elsewhere the term means an 'inscription,' e.g., Anth. Graec., 7, 220, 2, or anything written διὰ χαραγμάτων εὔχο[μαι]
, P. Lond.
, V, 1658, 8 (4th cent. a.d.), also the individual character τὰ χαράγματα χειρός
, Anth. Graec., 9, 401, 3, and esp.
the impressed, or imprinted 'stamp,' e.g., a brand to mark camels, Pap.
Grenfell, II, 50a, 5 (142 b.c.),1
or often an official stamp on writings, e.g., attested copies of documents, PreisigkeSammelbuch
, I, 5231, 11; 5275, 11 (both 11 a.d.); 5247, 34 (47 a.d.),2
the imperial stamp to attest the validity of decrees etc.3
(→ 418, 17 f.) can also mean the impress on coins,
e.g., in Plut. Ages.
, 15 (I, 604c); De Lysandro, 16 (I, 442b); Apophth.Lac.
Agesilaus, 40 (II, 211b) etc.; P. Oxy.
, I, 144, 6 (580 a.d.). Then it can mean 'money' in general
: ἢν μὲν γὰρ τὸ χάραγμα φέρῃς, φίλος· οὔτε θυρωρὸς ἐν ποσὶν οὔτε κύων· ἐν προθύροις δέδεται
, Anth. Graec., 5, 30, 3 f. Soph.
Sophocles, of Athens (496–406 b.c.), the real poet of the Athens of Pericles, ed. A. C. Pearson, 1924. Phil.
Philo, of Alexandria (c. 20 b.c.–50 a.d.), ed. L. Cohn and P. Wendland. P. Lond. Greek Papyri in the British Museum
, ed. F. G. Kenyon and others, 1893 ff. esp.
Papyrus, shortened to P. when specific editions are quoted. 1
Ed. B. P. Grenfell-A. S.Hunt, New Classical Fr. and Other Gk. and Lat.Pap.
(1897). Cf. χαρακτήρ
(→ 418, 17 f.). BGU, I, 88, 6 (147 a.d.). Preisigke
F. Preisigke, Sammelbuch griechischer Urkunden aus Ägypten
, 1915 ff. 2
in Pap. documents cf. J. C. Naber, 'Observatiunculae ad papyros iuridicae,' APF, 1 (1901), 316–320. 3 These bear the year and the name of the reigning emperor,
cf. Deissmann NB, 68–75; Deissmann LO, 289 f.Plut. Plutus
. Ages. De Agesilao
Deuteronomy 6:6-8 And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: 7 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. 8 And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes [forehead]. The Bible was designed by God to be its own symbolic dictionary. The Lord who inspired Deuteronomy is the same Lord who inspired Revelation, and He knows that His People would know to interpret His Word as He Himself has taught us within its own pages.