Reference #1 Israel is no longer.Hei Joel
You ask me a 'simple' question and it took me this long to come up with this much in order to answer it - somewhat. This was actually my ending statement but I moved it up here - because I had to go through quite a process you see below to even answer what you are asking. Okay, these are not 'simple questions' to me. I have to erase all I've heard, all I've been taught, and all I've read outside the Word of God itself, in order to even think about 'what I hold as a belief'. Now that I've got 'my mind straight' on who is 'elect' - whom God is 'choosing' - For many are called and few are chosen - (Matthew 20:16 (76), Matthew 22:14 (76), 1Peter 2:9 (71/20th prime/REISH) & Revelation 17:14 (97/25th prime/NUN Sof (kindgom heir). I will try to answer your question regarding "What I believe".
For the 1st category - I would have to say I do not agree with number 1 because Israel DOES EXIST and will ALWAYS exist. But that necessarily requires a defining of Israel according to God's Word.
Therefore I will go to number 2 -
Israel will be roused. The church, and Israel, will be one. They will function together both on earth and in the heavens.
Israel, according to the Word I'm citing was 'roused' when Christ came in the flesh.
"The church and Israel will be one" would have to be true according to Ephesians 4 (53/16th prime)
Ephesians (49/5th spoke) 4:4 (8) (57/3x19)
There is one body and one Spirit, just as you were called in one hope of your calling;
one Lord, one faith, one baptism;
6 (59/17th prime/PEI/mouth)
one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
I would have to say I'm leaning toward number 2 according to your criteria of belief - and according to the Word that Israel is ONLY according to the 'promise', through Isaac, further through Jacob (who supplanted Esau (who is Edom/ADM) who sold his birthright - and Jacob the supplanter received the blessing and birthright. That still brings me back to Y H V D H and that ALL must enter through the DOOR and those who try to enter 'any other way' are 'thieves and robbers'.
Which brings my heart and soul to a gut wrenching position as Paul stated in Romans 9 - - about present Israel today - their presence in Israel/Jerusalem - -yet I know the gospel is STILL to the Jew first - until ALL Israel is incorporated as body.
This also means I have to go back over Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21 and ask myself about the 'elect' being 'deceived'.
I'm not sure if I answered your question - I know I haven't answered my own yet.
Number three would clarify a 'division' of purpose - 'on earth as it is in heaven' - I think - you'd lose the 'one'. It says there will be a new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.
This can not be. Israel is a firstborn son. Israel is 'elect'. Jesus Christ, Messiah, is elect, firstborn from the dead, and King of Israel. A king necessarily rules a kingdom. Israel is a kingdom of people as witnessed by 'they, their, them'. The New Testament also refers to Jesus Christ as 'King of Israel'. Israel 'prevails'. Israel 'rules as a prince'.
Israel/Messiah Jesus Christ/elect/and King of Israel:
Isaiah (23) 42:1 (43) (69/3x23)
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth;
I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
Isaiah (23) 65:9 (74) (97/25th prime/Nun Sof) - - - *Galatians (48) 3:16 (19) (67/19th prime/KUF)
And I will bring forth a seed* out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains:
and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.
John (43) 1:49 (50) (93/3x31)
Nathanael (gift of God) answered and saith unto him, Rabbi, thou art the Son of God;
thou art the King of Israel.
1Peter (60) 2:6 (8) (68)
Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion
a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
Israel/kingdom/a people/ is God's elect:
Isaiah (23) 45:4 (49) (72)
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name:
I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
Isaiah (23) 65:22 (87/3x29 (10/th prime/YUD)
They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat:
for as the days of a tree are the days of my people,
and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
Israel's/the elect/ status:
1Chronicles (13) 28:4 (32) (45)
Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me (David) before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever:
for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father;
and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king overall Israel:
Exodus (2) 4:22 (26) (house, door,cross, Jehovah)
And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:
Jeremiah (24) 31:9 (40) (64)
They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them:
I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble:
for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim* is my firstborn.
Ephraim = "double ash-heap: I shall be doubly fruitful"
destruction of 2 temples - restoration to include grafted Gentiles.
The 10 northern tribes, aka Israel/Ephraim - being assimilated in conquest by Assyrians.
Now before we address the elect in the New Testament I want to present a thought here because Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21 speak about the elect in a 'time of trouble'. The book of Matthew starts out with a statement about the 'genealogy' of Christ - or as other translations have it - the 'generation' of Christ. Now as I see it - we here today in 2007 are still the 'generation of Christ. I see that there were the generation(s) before Christ came in the flesh, the generation(s) of Christ coming in the flesh, and then it speaks of imposing iniquity on the (wicked/Christless) third and fourth generations. These next generations seem to be where the 'sun'/Christ and the 'moon'/bride does not give her light to the earth.
So now, let's consider the 'elect of the New Testament.
In Matthew, Mark and Luke accounts of the elect during a time of trouble the time is cut short so that some 'flesh' will be saved but then goes on in Matthew 24:24 (88) (for one) and states that the 'very elect' might be deceived by some of the signs and wonders going on. (24 is MEM Sof - arrival of Messiah).
And then in Matthew (40) 24:31 (55/bride/all) (95/the water/5x19) we see the elect being gathered 'in the heavens'.
Matthew (40) 24:34 (58/grace) (98/2x7(2) -
ALL (above mentioned prophecy) fulfilled (for this generation of Christ)
Matthew (40) 24:35 (59/17th prime/mouth) (99/(3(2)x11)
Heaven & earth pass away
In 2007 - ALL has not been fulfilled - the sun and the moon are still with us (the sun/Christ, the moon/those reflecting the light of the sun/Son) and the heavens and earth are still here.
Matthew (40) 24:39 (63) (103/27th prime/final righteousness)
Son of Man comes
Matthew (40) 24:40 (64) (104/2(3)x13)
One is taken, one is left
Now - going on to the other references of elect in the NT as applies:
Romans (45) 8:33 (41) (86) (Referring to Christ/elect)
Who shall lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that justifieth.
Colossians (51) 3:10 (13) (64)
And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:
Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.
Put on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, bowels of mercies, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, longsuffering;
1Timothy (54) 5:21 (26) (80/mouth) refers to 'elect angels'.
2Timothy (55) 2:10 (12) (67/19th prime/KUF)
Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
Titus (56) 1:1 (2) (58/grace) says according to the faith of God's elect, - -which I believe refers back to Christ/ as elect.
The Scriptures in Peter's epistles referring to the 'elect':
1Peter (60) 1:2 (3) (63/3(2)x7)
Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
1Peter (60) 2:6 (8) (68/2(2)x17) - -referring to Christ/Messiah
Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
2John (63) 1:1 (2) (65/5x13)
2John (63) 1:13 (14) (77) (7x11)
speak of 'the elder' to the "elect lady and her children" and also the 'children of the 'elect sister'
144[12x12] + The Elect + Of Old, Before, Antiquity + The Heart + Full of Wisdom + In that day shall there be one LORD + Mourn, Lament + Wizard
220 [2(2)x5x11]+ A sure foundation + Chosen, Elect + Clean, Pure + Thy Precepts + Forever + Deep, Profound + Doorkeeper + Tender, Soft
777 [3x7x37] + In the firmament of heaven + The beginning was + Freed Man + In Zion, the Mountain of My Holiness + Sing to the LORD who lives in Zion! + thou filledst + but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. + God Heaven Earth + and Israel mine elect + and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes. + The Way of Wisdom (Sof) + My doctrine shall drop as the rain + Seventy years + that delighteth greatly in his commandments + that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD + they hear the words of thy mouth + His soul an offering for sin + Methusael
1914 + In the Book of Life + The Gospel of the Kingdom + A remnant according to the election of grace + The whole remnant of the House of Israel
The above defines the elect - as Israel - but then Romans further defines 'Jew' and 'Israel':
Romans (45) 2:29 (31) (76/2(2)x19)
But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly ; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
Romans (45) 1:1 (2) (47/15th prime/SAMEK)
I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit,
that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart.
For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my countrymen according to the flesh,
who are Israelites, to whom pertain the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the service of God, and the promises;
of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, the eternally blessed God. Amen.
And now the HUGE clarification:
6 (52 [2(2)x13])
But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel,
7 (53/16th prime/AYIN) nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham;
but, "In Isaac (those who make sport of death) your seed shall be called."
8 (54 [2x3(3)]) That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God;
but the children of the promise are counted as the seed.
9 (55/bride) For this is the word of promise: "At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son."
10 (56 [2(3)x7]) And
not only this, but when Rebecca (ensnarer) (307/63rd prime) also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac
11 (57 [3x19] (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil,
that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls),
12 (58/grace [2x29 (10th prime/YUD) it was said to her, "The older (the one who sold birthright) shall serve the younger (the one who receives birthright)."
13 (59/17th prime/PEI/mouth)
As it is written, "Jacob [who asked for firstborn birthright]I have loved, but Esau [who sold firstborn birthright] I have hated."