Shalom and peace,
It's always the first question that I receive: "Quran denies that Jesus is the son of God. Right?"
and I respond: What do you exactly mean by "son" ?
Are you taking the word "son" as "physical male descendant of God" ? If this is the case, your answer is that not only Quran but also Torah denies the assumption that God has any physical descendant in either form of a son, daughter, niece, cousin, sister, uncle, you name it. Then they usually reply by sending Genesis 6:2! And I reply back with if they know what does the Hebrew word "elohim" and the Hebrew word "ben" really mean?! And if they have listened to arguments or read different translations of Genesis 6:2 from different scholars?
Are you taking the word "son" figuratively? implying a connection to Jesus's divine appointment as a prophet by God? If this is the case, your answer is a little bit longer, because you are stepping into the realm of figuration. You see, we should be careful about using words, especially when it comes to our creator, or in daily life even:
God has not provided two hearts in the chest of a man, nor made your wives, whom you pronounce "mothers", your real mothers, nor has He made your adopted sons your real sons. This is only what your lips pronounce. God says what is just, and shows the right way. (Quran 33:4)
This teaches us that names have meanings, and names and meanings should not get politicized or get shifted into the realm of relativity, although societies tend to play and shift meanings. Your adapted son is not your real son, because there is a big difference between him and your real son from God's point of view. Even if you feel down your heart that you are truly showing kindness by misusing words, but God's commands overrides our personal emotions and beliefs! He doesn't command in respect to our feelings! He commands based on what He sees as just, not what WE see as right! Because He is the only all-knower, not us! We are all human beings. Thus, the usage of the word "son", in its figurative part, is condemned equally by Quran as well.
Summary: Both literal and figurative usage of the word "son" for Jesus Christ is rejected by Quran as well as Torah of God.
So where is the problem:
"Only a small minority of Bible students ever achieve the ability to read the original biblical languages. " Quoting Hendrickson Publishing House.
If this is the case for Bible students, then we should cry for the rest of common reader!! But before that here are some questions for the common readers of the bible to ponder:
1. How many bible readers have actually checked couple of recent Greek to English lexicons in order to study the origin of the word "son"?Lets take a look at the famous Strong's Greek concordance:
2. How many of the bible readers actually dare to move on and see if they can find more "first hand" references to study the word of divine?
Greek Strong's Number: 5207
Greek Word: υἱός
Root: apparently a primary word
apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship :- child, foal, son. —Strong's Talking Greek & Hebrew Dictionary
Oh! apparently!! not even the famous Strong's concordance is certain about the origin of this controversial word!!
If the majority of us have not yet managed to read the Bible as deep and certain as it should be read in original Greek or Hebrew language, why don't we take our time to do so?? Because life is short you know! Instead of arguing with other people, politicizing everything, rejecting the word of those who know what exactly they are talking about...we better get started by learning and reading the original language and leave out the classical translations alone!
Did I say Quran doesn't assert the virginity of Mariam and the miraculous birth of her son? Not at all !
Did I say Quran doesn't assert the miracles that God did by the hand of Jesus Christ? Not at all !
Did I say Quran doesn't assert that Jesus was a righteous prophet sent to Israelites? Not at all !
I said Quran has warned those who tend to play with politics of naming in order to make doctrines, it has warned the people that use the word "son". Because God of the universe is too exalted ! he doesn't beget son, literally or figuratively. He sends his beloved servants and righteous prophets to warn people, to reset the language of injustice. And don't forget that any false word, comes from a distorted ontology...so watch out!