With the introduction of Greek-Roman socialization in the province of Arabia, and translation of Greek content to Aramaic Syriac language, Arabs and persians became one of the few surviving poles of the Hellenistic literature. In retrospect, the so-called Arabic/Islamic/Persian scholarship indeed is branded as the continuance of that Hellenistic line in scholarship of today.
But after revelation of Quran, they changed color and tried to put their Hellenistic teachings side-by-side of Quranic text, although conflictual !, to build a face for themselves...to survive and to corrupt the communities of believers.... and finally Hellenizing the followers of last revelation as well. (Assuming that they have already Hellenized Judaism and Christianity in the course of history)
The Arabs are more stubborn in unbelief and hypocrisy, and apter not to know the bounds of what Allah has sent down on His Messenger; and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise. (Quran 9:97)
See! Do they recite above like verses of Quran in public usually?...of course not!
Doctors, physicians, astronomers, mathematicians, chemists, you name it..people who were brought up believing and supporting Hellenistic assumptions of knowledge
-- mainly Arabs and Persians either Jewish, Christian or Muslim-- then faced a crucial challenge: Quran.
How this is related to our discussion?
My word is that, since science, like philosophy, is a human-made vehicle and because revelation (from Torah to Quran) is the divine vehicle, it is impossible to approach the divine content with pre-occupied mind full of Hellenistic assumptions about the source of knowledge. It is impossible....because there is an essential belief for belivers of scripture (from Torah to Quran): The Elohim knows everything, and man doesn't know anything at all. Hellenistic mindset doesn't accept this essence at all....very simple.
An Example: Big Bang
Take the big bang theory. When the theory came out and got a noble, many islamic scholars at the time, started to claim that Quran already has addressed the big-bang issue! Now this was a very predictable kind of behavior of those hypocrites!...You know it is actually the other way around..Quran just like Bereshit 1:1, announces that in the beginning Elohim "fattened
" the sky and the earth. (mistranslated
as created in every Bible and Quran). But since Hellenistic Islamic scholarship (the dominant scholarship) couldn't wait to spread the red-carpet in front of the scientific discourse, they reacted like that... and accepted the premise that the world has came into existence out of "nothing"!..A claim contrary to Torahic and Quranic text.
IMO: the assumption that scientific discourse can validate the divine content, fundamentally and epistemologically is wrong. The former (science) is facing huge fundamental questions about its assumptions and reliability of its sources of knowledge, while the latter (divine text) provides answer to questions of which can't be answered by science at all.
So I believe if anyone steps into this premise, would end up asking millions of questions about for example Noah's flood, or the creation of earth and etc, that none on this planet could find an answer for them, except the hypocrites of Islam, Christianity and Judaism = or their Hellenized scholarship better to put.