I don't think your request for a definition of 'eternal' and 'everlasting' was attached to specific verses, so what I meant by 'age-during' is that when those words (eternal and everlasting) appear in the KJV, they are both able to be translated 'age-during'. By this I understand that whatever pronouncement has been made, will be in force until the end of the age to which it is being applied.
Here are three references to 'the world to come'.
Mark 10:30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
Luke 18:30 Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting.
Hebrews 6:5 And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,
It seems to me in light of these verses, that 'everlasting' or 'eternal' life, is a quality of life which is not terminated by the end of an age.
Is that clearer?
Good Morning Charisma....You've brought up more than one topic here...so I will comment one at a time so the posts aren't too long. You did use several verses pertaining to the "everlasting nature" of punishment. I think we need to examine this in a little more detail being that you are consigning a good portion of mankind to this punishment that you say means only a few will be saved..
As I'm sure you know, the NT books were written in Greek , or in some cases, in Aramaic and then translated into Greek. The NT writers often quote from the OT...usually from the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew OT that was used widely during the time of Christ.
In Hebrews 1:8, the author quotes from Psalm 45:6. "Olam" is translated by the Greek word "aion". (age-during). Compare Hebrews 5:6 and Psalm 110:4. This is the closest Greek equivalent and therefore was used in the Septuagint. So...we can safely say that aion is meant to convey the same meaning as the Hebrew concept of olam.
One of the most obvious NT verses where aion refers to an age is in Matt. 13 where Jesus is interpreting his own parables. In order to show the contrast between aion and kosmos, have a look at vs. 38:
And the field is the world (kosmos) ; and for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one, (39) and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the end of the age (aion); and the reapers are angels. (40) Therefore just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age. (aion).
The KJ version says "the end of the world" but verses 39 and 40 should read AGE rather than "world".
Ages have both a beginning and end. Heb. 11:3 says : (3) by faith we understand that the worlds (aionas, "ages") were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. [I]Aionas is simply the plural of aion in the Greek. It says God "framed" the ages; therefore the ages had a beginning. This is also witnessed in Heb. 1:2:
(2) In these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world (aionas, "ages")
The author of Hebrews is telling us that Jesus created the ages of time. Time didn't exist before creation...it is a created thing. Paul makes reference to a promise of God that He made BEFORE time began. Titus 1:2:
(2) In the hope of eternal (aionian) life, which god, who cannot lie, promised long ages ago (pro chronon aionion, "before the ages began")
Here is Young's literal translation:
(2) upon the hope of life age-enduring, which God, who doth not lie, did promise before times of ages.
Many have interpreted this as a reference to immortality, but strictly speaking it is a specific promise of immortality IN THE TABERNACLES AGE given to those who inherit Life in the FIRST resurrection.(not the general resurrection at the end of the thousand years.) These are the "few" who are chosen...the overcomers/barley company/first fruits/Bride who "rule and reign" with Him during the Tabernacle Age. Jesus obtained the FACT of salvation for all men, but the TIMING of salvation differs and depends on which squadron (Greek: tagma) one is in. 1 Cor. 15:22 and 23 say:
(22) For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. (23) But each in his own order.
The first "squadron" are called to "rule and reign" with Him (Rev. 20:4-6) The second group are those raised along with unbelievers (John 5:28, 29; Luke 12:46) at the Great White Throne (Rev. 20:11-13) The second group misses the 1st resurrection and are "saved yet so as through fire". (1 Cor. 3:15). The 3rd group are the unbelievers, after their time of judgement has been completed, for there WILL be a Jubilee at the end of time according to the Law, wherein ALL creation will be set free in the glorious liberty of the children of God. (Rom. 8:21)
The "Upward call of God" that Paul refers to in Phil. 3:11 is described as being the "out-resurrection" (exanastasis). It's the only time in the NT that he puts an "ex" in front of the usual word for resurrection. (anastasis).
Here are some examples of "olam" from the OT that clearly show it is referring to an "age" and not eternity:
In Jonah 2:6, the prophet is praying for deliverance out of the belly of the great fish: (6) I descended to the roots of the mountains. The earth with its bars was around me forever (OLAM), but thou has brought up my life from the pit, O Lord my god. Obviously he was only in the belly of the fish for 3 days and 3 nights.
Here are a few from the Psalms , should you wish to study it further. Ps. 78:66, 79:13, 86:12, 89:1, 110:4, 112:6, 115:8.
There is a distinction between Universalism and Restorationism. This is a quote from Dr. Stephen Jones who coined the phrase "Restorationism": Universalism makes no provision for judgement, or accountability for past actions and renders spiritual growth as unnecessary and irrelevant in the end. Restorationism recognizes the reality and seriousness of sin, pays its full penalty as the law demands for the ultimate reconcilliation of creation, yet saves believers by faith and unbelievers through judments, discipline and spiritual growth.
The judgements of God are established in the Law. There is NO sin worth of torture in a literal fire. The Jubilee law limited the time of enslavement and disinheritance to a max. of 49 years. (Lev. 25:10). The justice of God does not include endless punishment and neither does the Grace of God come without justice.