Concerning Romans 11, please review some of the word definitions of that chapter from this thread here. http://www.biblewheel.com/forum/showthread.php?t=1991
The 'filling of the nations' in Romans 11 is not the same as the times of the gentiles trampling Jerusalem. "Filling" or Pleroma has a NT usage of the filling of the Spirit of God. The filling and indwelling of the nations with the Spirit of Christ began with Cornelius. It was prophesied in Duet 32 that some of the last generation Israel [who originally disbelieved] would be made jealous unto faith by the filling of this spirit of God among individuals in the Gentile nations [all nations, languages, tongues] who were from the jews perspectives NOT a People of God. THAT jealousy unto faith is the mystery that Paul doesn't want his 55 AD first century Roman believers and readers to miss.
But the times of the gentiles or nations trampling of Jerusalem would have been completed with the flood of the Roman armies in @70-73 AD. [Dan 9:26,27; and unto the end of the war (end of the enemy coming in like a flood; Is 49) desolations are determined....... for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate]
The 'offense' of Israel in leaving the land area BROKE the mosaic covenant and insured the ending of the nation that was established by that conditional, inferior covenant. The end and 'latter end' of the nation was prophesied right in the giving of the covenant.
(see Deut 4:26,27; 31:29; 32:20;29)
In the post titled 20 questions connecting Deuteronomy and Daniel we find these two questions. I hope these reply to your statements that there was not phrase in scripture that marked the end of the mosaic covenant age. You can also review the first 5 questions in that post for clarification of context.Originally Posted by Joel
6. Was an "END" or 'latter end' of the mosaic covenant and conditional national entity prophesied to occur after the promised return (Duet 30:1-4) from Babylonian captivity and after the individualized change of heart and (see Deut 4:25,26; 31:29; 32:20;29)
7. Was the mosaic national covenant prophesied to have a beginning (Deut; 1:3; 5:2,3; 9:1; 27:9; 29:1) and an end and destruction? (Duet 4:25,26; 31:29; 32:20:29) Was the latter end and destruction to be administered in the time of the new words of LIFE of the 'new prophet'? Deut 18:15ff; John 5:46; Acts 3:22-24 Did Peters statement in vs 24 affirm that the new prophet and the end of the mosaic covenant law to be in their days?
John 1:17; For the [conditional, corporal] Law came by Moses, but unconditional Grace and Truth by Christ Jesus.
For the list of the questions and some of the answers, click here.
Likewise, Daniels 'time of the end' are thought and taught to refer to the 'end of time'. But the question below shows the connection of Daniels 'latter days' and latter end with the 'latter days' and 'time of the end' of the mosaic covenant as prophesied in Deuteronomy and fulfilled in the first century generation.
9. Does Dan 10:14 appear to have any similitude to Deut 31:29?
Daniel, in his prayer in chapter 9 focused on Deut 30:1-5 in making a confession required to return from the Babylonian captivity. He would have known and understood of the 'latter end' prophesied within that book. Thus, also, the 'time of the end' as spoken to Daniel would have referred Daniel to the time of the 'end' of the mosaic covenant nation and the fulfillment and restoration of the everlasting covenant of individualized Love, friendship and Mercy from the Creator.
The 'latter days' of the influence and God's ministry through of the sons of Israel are also foretold in Gen 49 and would be until Shiloh would come.