This doesn't fit history my friend. That is not what happened with Antiochus. His persecution of the Jews happened well before his pitching his tents between the sea and the holy land. Therefore, historically speaking, it is impossible to assume that he comes to his end at the same time as the Saints were being persecuted. The order of events is Jewish persecution, his pitching his tents some time after the persecution, then his injury, and then his eventual death.
First it says "Yet he shall come
to his end" At that time there shall be trouble never seen before since there was a Jewish nation, and at that same time your people Daniel shall be delivered that is ever one that is written in the book of Life. (My paraphasing)
So in reference to 'his end' it gives that at that same time there is trouble and deliverence, so my conclusion would be 'his end' is at that same time as the 'time of the end' mentioned in verse 40 which would include that time of trouble and time of deliverence.
The Great Tribulation was not during the hands of Antiochus. If that were true, then Jesus was wrong because He states to the Apostles that in their (Apostles) future, a time of Tribulation would come that would never be equated to the Jewish race ever again, not since the beginning, nor in the future. Daniel chapter 12 historically applies to the first century, and not 200 years B.C.
"Michael" is not understood to perfection. Some view this as Christ Jesus, which might be true. Or he may simply be an Angel assigned to watch over the Jewish people. Notice how the Great Tribulation happens at the "standing up" of Michael? Yet those who's names were found in the book of life were spared from this Tribulation. This thus proves even more to a first century fulfillment, during the persecution caused at the destruction of Jerusalem between 66 and 70AD.
Also noted that Michael shall stand up and deliver the people which in chapter 10 was said that he was the only one that stood with the messenger as Michael your prince. Michael is also said to be 'one of the chief of princes' or as some translate 'the first of the chief of prince' and also mentioned as the great prince. In correlation to how Daniel employs the usage of 'prince' and 'prince of princes' it would be my contention that Michael is an reference to the a high priest or priesthood (Dan.10:13) and as I see it the great prince could well have been Judah Maccabee
and he shall stand up for the people and they shall be delievered.
This passage does not fit historically with the days of Antiochus IV.
At that time
from chapter 12 is in reference to what is spoken of in the time of the end which concerns the king of the north [Seleucid Syria ]and the king of the south [ Ptolemaic Egypt].
OK, let's make a little adjustment here so you can get a better historical picture.
40 'At the time of the end the king of the South shall attack him; and the king of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter the countries, overwhelm them, and pass through. 41 He shall also enter the Glorious Land, and many countries shall be overthrown; but these shall escape from his hand: Edom, Moab, and the prominent people of Ammon. 42 He shall stretch out his hand against the countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape. 43 He shall have power over the treasures of gold and silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt; also the Libyans and Ethiopians shall follow at his heels. 44 But news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many. 45 And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and no one will help him.
This is the time-frame when Antiochus IV tried to attack Egypt and steal money from its temple treasury. But another nation growing in tremendous power said, "NOPE! EGYPT IS OFF LIMITS TO YOU!" Antiochus in anger, decides to take his frustrations out on the Jews. Thus verse 44, "therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many (Jews). It is then that he leaves and pitches his tents between the seas and the holy land (Israel). YET, he comes to his end during this time after suffering a bowel injury.
THEN we get to chapter 12:
1 'At that time Michael shall stand up,
The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people;
And there shall be a time of trouble,
Such as never was since there was a nation,
Even to that time.
And at that time your people shall be delivered,
Every one who is found written in the book.
2 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake,
Some to everlasting life,
Some to shame and everlasting contempt.
3 Those who are wise shall shine
Like the brightness of the firmament,
And those who turn many to righteousness
Like the stars forever and ever.
After the death of Antiochus IV, a great Tribulation is said to happen when Michael, the Angel who stands watch over Daniel's people, stands up to protect those from the coming Tribulation; the ones being protected are those who's names are found in the book (likely the book of life). This is confirmed in the book of Revelation, being the 144,000 sealed with the name of God on their foreheads. These are those who have been chosen from each of the 12 Tribes of Israel, while those who possessed the mark of the Beast (ROME) were left for judgment of this Great Tribulation. The Great Tribulation would come in the form of the 7 seals, the 7 trumpets, the 7 bowls of wrath, and the 7 thunders. Revelation is the "unveiling" or "unsealing" of all of Revelation; what Daniel was told to seal up and forget about, not asking anymore questions about the "last days", was finally revealed to John who received more answers about the "end times" of the Israeli people. Only a remnant (those found in the book) would be delivered.
Here is a hint taken from Daniel to prove that Daniel 12 applies to the first century. Notice the mentioning of Michael the arch Angel fighting against the Devil and his Angels to protect the Saints from the Tribulation:
7 And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought, 8 but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them[a] in heaven any longer. 9 So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
10 Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, 'Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down. 11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, and they did not love their lives to the death. 12 Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time.'
As you can now see, Daniel chapter 12 involves a future Great Tribulation that Jesus mentions in the Gospels. This Great Tribulation did not involved the events of Antiochus IV. However, what happened with Antiochus IV would be something similar, although not exact, to what would happen to the Christians in the first century. Keep in mind that the Great Tribulation happens to those who are not being saved. What Antiochus IV caused was not a Great Tribulation, but a persecution of the Saints, much like Nero's persecution of the Christians. Nero Caesar may be the one that Daniel was wanting to know about; the little horn who spoke pompous words against the God of heaven.
In conclusion, history does not fit the idea that Antiochus IV caused the Great Tribulation. Jesus stated that the Great Tribulation would happen during His generation. The protection from Michael the Arch Angel is confirmed in the book of Revelation. And the book of life is mentioned by both Daniel and by John in their respective visions. The Great Tribulation happened in the years 66 to 70AD.
Israel is more than just a race; it is more than just a nation; it is the people of God, from faith, by faith, and only faith. Those who assemble in the name of Christ Jesus, embrance Israel because they are Israel