So we can discuss it within your parameters and eliminate the clarification of Pauls and Christs other statements and teachings.??? I don't think so. That sounds like 2S limited discussion of Revelation.I like to stay within the text as much as possible. Bringing in other Scriptures can lead to twisting the Scriptures to come up with a desired conclusion, as those who believe in Covenant Creation do.
I see no resolution to the difference between us and I disagree with your perspectives of 'higher powers" as a ranking system though I understand how you can come to that understanding.Your again missing the first century context where from your authoritative version; Paul is telling Jews [included in 'every soul'] who would read this that they were to submit to the High Priest authority and command to persecute Christians who had left the ordinances of the mosaic covenant.That seems like a ranking system to me such as the court system in the United States.
And if not the Jews, then the believing Romans were to submit to the Caesars decrees to persecute their brethren.
I furthermore think that since Paul is using the words ever soul he is speaking on an individual level and to believers who would have KNOWLEDGE of the higher powers of God and who would appeal to them as again the scriptures indicate.To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers1849 in heavenly [places] [Higher powers to a follower of the Creator through Christ] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
The point of his referral to paying tribute was in the lew rockwell article and likely the others. And if the 'higher powers' included the rulers of the church, [such as Paul] or direct reference to Jesus and the Holy Spirit, then the tribute is ones life to the Spiritual leadership, freedoms, and authority of Heaven.
You [Pharisees] who are Ceasar's, render unto Ceasar what is Ceasars, and let those who are God's render their lives, tribute and freedom from Him unto Him. This perspective is consistently supported in Pauls and others letters AND was reflected in the original taxation imposition of [even] the Constitution.
Even in the Jewish temple tax, Jesus took Peter who had spoken out of turn aside and said [the sons of God were free]. Jesus was already teaching the separation from the mosaic covenant conditional/corporal contract and support of it's administration. But, since Peter had already spoken out of turn, they would not offend them and would pay the administrative tax; but it's interesting that the tax did not come from their own present labors or from their treasury. This seems to confirm the principle of inequity, dishonesty and injustice of those individuals who were under the new Prophet, God himself, paying 'tribute' to the high priests and temple administration of the waxing away old system that appealed to their humanist goals.
As Thomas Jefferson stated; To compel a man to furnish funds for the propagation of ideas [or ministries] he disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical.
Pay tribute to whom tribute is due; but not to whom it is not due.
The commonality of knowledge and belief of the fulfilled prophecies are a good foundation, but they were not fulfilled in a vacuum or in a story book. They were fulfilled supernaturally in living History and from a living God who's revealed ordinances and principles established and changed heavens laws among and for men at that time and continue to the present.
Their fulfillment and the supernatural manner of the fulfillment had a impact and effect upon the human govt of that day and is reflected in the preamble and first articles of constitutions and governments among men.
Here is 2 examples of the conflict of the 2 views.
1. The higher authorities of heaven give an individual moral accountability [and freedom] for ones life, contracted associations and actions including a tribute to God of one's work, abilities and life. The authoritarian interpretation of Rom 13, that the individual soul is commanded to be subject to even atheistic, Judaical state for it's interactions and goals in the world. It is humanist, unknowing, and contrary to the higher ordinances and individual liberties and accountability of God and HIS Rights of Love and Goodness.
2. In 1 Tim 2:1-6, Timothy is told to pray for leaders and those in authority, and it is clarified that they should be praying for their coming to the saving knowledge of God, that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.
The prayer is not for the rulers to make rules allowing them to continue to exist and live in subjection to their rules; but for the rulers to come to the confirmed and sealed belief in Jesus as living Creator himself, and through this and through their understanding, to make rules respecting the freedom of life and the sons from oppression of life in order to live quiet, fruitful, productive, joyous and peaceable lives.
WHY are they to make this prayers?....
Even the Roman govt feared individualism and free associations of individuals in their empire; not so much that they feared rebellion, but they feared success and autonomy without the reliance on the Govt and the profits and power thereof.1Ti 2:5 For [there is] one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; [NOT the government]
1Ti 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
There is much depth and higher principles involved in this discussion which can become heated and people are often offended in their perceptions and beliefs. But it is again noted that these principles of the individuality and moral accountability of men are respected and provided for by the Constitutions; but not often administered to or promoted by the secular govt; and often imposed and compelled and sometimes coerced against. The misinterpretation of Rom 13 may be part of the coercion.
I'll be taking a break from this for awhile to give time for reflection. Perhaps others will chime in. We'll not likely come to an agreement aside from the Spirits intervention on this issue and there would be a plethora of endless discussion in the meantime.