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  1. #1
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    The Menorah Pattern in Jewish History

    A while ago I published an observation on a curious pattern of symmetry found in Jewish history -

    Here I wish to outline a rather odd pattern that has emerged, or rather has become apparent. All dates are based on the Ussher chronology.

    The first inkling of a pattern was suggested by the parallel between the gentile captivity, that began with the Babylonian conquest of Jerusalem, and the Egyptian captivity. What is so curious is that both captivities are said to have lasted 430 years. Hmmmm, such a curious repetition of history seems to indicate that God had set the duration for both events - deliberately - for some purpose. The prophet Ezekiel divided the period gentile captivity into two periods, vis 40 + 390 years.

    Now, the opposite of captivity is kingdom, and what is truely remarkable is that the Kingdom of Israel (the time during which Israel had a king) was 40 + 40 + 40 + 390 years.
    Infact, the period of Israels monarchy divides neatly into two sub periods - the period of united kingdom, and the period of divided kingdom. It so happens that the divided kingdom lasted 390 years, and the united kingdom lasted 120 years under three successive monarchs - each reigning 40 years!!

    Consider this for a moment - the Kingdoms of the Gentiles lasted 390 + 40 years according to Ezekiel.
    The Kingdom of Israel lasted 390 + 40 + 40 + 40 yrs.

    It seems almost certain that these two durations were meant to parallel one another. Part of the meaning of this is that God gave equal time to Jew and Gentile. Fairness prevailed. But there is undoutedly a deeper meaning.

    430 yrs - Egyptian Captivity
    395 yrs - Wilderness and Judges
    40 yrs - Saul
    40 yrs - David
    40 yrs - Solomon
    390 yrs - Divided Kingdom
    430 yrs - Gentile Captivity


    The whole pattern centers on two numbers 40 + 390

    The Bible tells us that the Egyptian Captivity lasted 430 years.

    Ezekiel foretold that the Times of the Gentiles would be a time of captivity that would also last 430 years. He divided this period into two parts, 390 + 40 years.

    It therefore comes as quite a surprise to discover that the period of Israelite Monarchy prior to the Gentile Captivity divides naturally into 40 + 40 + 40 + 390 years. During the reigns of Saul (40 yrs), David (40 yrs) and Solomon (40 yrs) the Kingdom of Israel was united. However, after Solomon the Kingdom of Israel became divided into a Northern Kingdom (consisting of 10 tribes), and a Southern Kingdom (consisting of 2 tribes – Benjamin and Judah). The divided kingdom lasted 390 years – from it’s beginning down to it’s last monarch.

    To complete this pattern, we find that the period of the Judges (including the wandering in the Wilderness) comes to 395 years – an approximation to 390.


    A basic pattern can be seen. The Egyptian Captivity lasted 430 years. This was followed by the period of the Judges lasting 395 years. However, Samuel was the last judge of Israel, during which time Saul was king, so the period of the judges comes to 395 + 40 years.

    Then there is the reign of King David lasting 40 years.

    After the reign of King David, Solomon became King and reigned 40 years. It was during Solomon's reign that Israel began to practice idolatry. Consequently the kingdom became divided, and remained so for 390 years, until the Gentile Captivity.

    Finally, the gentile captivity itself, would last 430 years, according to Ezekiel.

    Oddly enough, the end of the 430 years coincides with the victory of the Maccabees over the Greeks in 165 B.C resulting in Jewish independence for the first time in 430 years ! This independence was to last just over 100 years until the Romans came to occupy Judea.

    Victor blogged me to point out that this symmetrical arrangement of Jewish history coincides with both the Bible Wheel pattern and the 7 days of creation.

    A few days ago I read Victors blog again and looked up Richards notes on the 3 + 1 pattern in scripture.

    Then something really amazing fell into place - a really wierd synchrony. Check this out -



    What is so wierd about this??

    Well, here goes -

    1. There are 7 divisions in both the Bible and in Jewish History
    2. The time periods form a symmetrical arrangement around a central division ie

    430 - 390 - 40 - 40 - 40 - 390 - 430

    Similarly the Bible Wheel orders the books symmetrically, so that we get 5 - 12 - 5 - 22 - 5 - 12 - 5 - that is two outer circles of 5 - 12 - 5 arranged symmetrically arround a central circle of 22

    In the case of the books, the first three divisions (5 + 12 + 5) reflect the last 3 divisions (5 + 12 + 5) , and both sum to 22 books

    In the case of the historical periods, the first three periods (430 + 390 + 40) reflect the last three periods (40 + 390 + 430) and both sum to 860 years = 2200000/7 days

    So, from the beginning of the Egyptian Captivity till the beginning of David's reign there were 2200000/7 days
    From the end of David's reign till the end of the Gentile Captivity there were 2200000/7 days

    Captivity to Kingdom = pi
    Kingdom to Captivity = pi

    The full cycle therefore is 2 x pi (the circumference of a circle)






    As Richard has pointed out in his page on the 3 + 1 pattern in Scripture, the 7 days of creation also divide into a pattern such that day 1 reflects day 4, day 2 reflects day 5 and day 3 reflects day 6, and day 7 stands alone. This can be represented as follows

    1 - 2 - 3 - 7 - 6 - 5 - 4




    Now things get really wierd.

    If the 7 book divisions are placed along side the 7 period divisions , and if the book divisions are in the sequence 1 - 2 - 3 - 7 - 6 - 5 - 4 , just as in the Bible Wheel, then we get this pattern -

    Egyptian Captivity - 430 y - Torah
    Judges - 390 years - OT History
    Saul - 40 years - Wisdom
    David - 40 years - Epistles
    Solomon - 40 years - NT History
    Divided Kingdom - 390 years - Minor Prophets
    Gentile Captivity - 430 years - Major Prophets

    What is so wierd about this is that the Torah does indeed focus on the period from Abraham to Moses, a period of 430 years.

    And the Major Prophets do indeed focus on the gentile captivity. Jeremiah, Daniel and Exekiel are completely set in this period - a period of 430 years.

    Then, the minor prophets all lived during the divided kingdom, a period of 390 years.

    The 5 books of wisdom are associated with Solomon who reigned for 40 years
    The NT History takes place over a 40 year period from 30 A.D. to 70 A.D.
    The Epistles were all written during the same 40 year period.

    All this synchrony is extraordinary - the time periods covered by the 7 book divisions matches quite closely with the 7 periods of Jewish history.

    In the diagram above we see an occilation from captivity to kingdom then back to captivity. The Kingdom of Israel was realised during the reign of King David, and likewise, the Kingdom of God was realised by the establishment of ther Church during the 40 year period 30 - 70 A.D.

    Captivity - Kingdom - Captivity

    The complete journey from capitivity to kingdom lasting 2200000/7 days, and then the reverse also lasting this time.
    Last edited by Craig.Paardekooper; 07-22-2010 at 07:33 AM.

  2. #2
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    Wow - there's a lot there. It will take me a little while to review it all.

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  3. #3
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    Hi Craig, I think I can follow it a bit. With all respect to Richard but what I like to add is that you might like ro research a structure not 3+1 but the three consists of two, like 1, 2, 3a and 3b. This is how Gen. 1 is constructed, on the third day God said two things. Look at the second picture here*. The three days are the base for the next three days. But not only in Gen. 1, also Abraham, Isaac and Jacob: Jacob is the twin with Esau. And also in the zodiac: the third one is Gemini, the twins. The base is 1, 2 3a and 3b for the next to come, 1 relates to 4, 2 to 5 and 3 to 6. All from the same source: this professor wrote about it, he gets it from ancient sources.


    Quote:
    "What is so wierd about this is that the Torah does indeed focus on the period from Abraham to Moses, a period of 430 years."

    You can read this page* for an explanation about the 430. Just search for 430 on the page, there are several results.


    * The page is translated by Google from Dutch to English.
    Last edited by NumberX; 07-17-2010 at 11:42 AM.

  4. #4
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    1 2 3a 3b

    Thanks for your input Number X

    If Jewish History and the Bible Wheel both reflect the Genesis structure (presumably because both are the work of the same Creator),

    then it seems logical to expect to find the finer Genesis 1 structures that you have highlighted also reflected in Jewish History and in the Bible Wheel structure.

    It would be interesting to see if this reflection hypothesis holds true.

    It may turn out that Genesis is a kind of "historical template" embodying the entire schema of Jewish history before it happened. If this is the case, then it would be an extraordinary find indeed.

    This Menorah pattern facinates me. There is something about it....

  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by NumberX View Post
    Hi Craig, I think I can follow it a bit. With all respect to Richard but what I like to add is that you might like ro research a structure not 3+1 but the three consists of two, like 1, 2, 3a and 3b. This is how Gen. 1 is constructed, on the third day God said two things. Look at the second picture here*. The three days are the base for the next three days. But not only in Gen. 1, also Abraham, Isaac and Jacob: Jacob is the twin with Esau. And also in the zodiac: the third one is Gemini, the twins. The base is 1, 2 3a and 3b for the next to come, 1 relates to 4, 2 to 5 and 3 to 6. All from the same source: this professor wrote about it, he gets it from ancient sources.


    Quote:
    "What is so wierd about this is that the Torah does indeed focus on the period from Abraham to Moses, a period of 430 years."

    You can read this page* for an explanation about the 430. Just search for 430 on the page, there are several results.


    * The page is translated by Google from Dutch to English.
    Hey there NumberX,

    To be clear, the Menorah and the 7 Days of Creation both follow a pattern of 3 pairs + 1 set apart. I think that is what Craig means by the "3 + 1" shorthand. The Bible Wheel follows the same pattern of 3 paired divisions + 1 set apart, so they all follow the same pattern:

    3 paired days + 1 Sabbath [Days of Creation]

    3 paired branches + 1 central branch [Menorah]

    3 paired divisions + 1 group of 22 Epistles [Bible Wheel]

    Richard
    • Skepticism is the antiseptic of the mind.
    • Remember why we debate. We have nothing to lose but the errors we hold. Who but a stubborn fool would hold to errors once they have been exposed?

    Check out my blog site

  6. #6
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    Mr. Paardekooper (your name comes definately from Dutch because in Dutch paardenkoper means horse buyer ) and Richard:

    The similarities are wonderful!
    Last edited by NumberX; 07-18-2010 at 02:13 AM.

  7. #7
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    The pattern you've found Craig is incredible! It's quite fascinating how many places in Scripture we find the pattern of the Menorah displayed. Here is a link to a Thread I started called The Menorah structure in the Bible it shows how The Seven Feasts, The Decrees in Daniel, and The Seven Seals of Revelation all display a Menorah structure of 3 paired sets and 1 that stands alone.

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  8. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    A while ago I published an observation on a curious pattern of symmetry found in Jewish history -

    Victor blogged me to point out that this symmetrical arrangement of Jewish history coincides with both the Bible Wheel pattern and the 7 days of creation.

    A few days ago I read Victors blog again and looked up Richards notes on the 3 + 1 pattern in scripture.

    Then something really amazing fell into place - a really wierd synchrony. Check this out -



    What is so wierd about this??

    Well, here goes -

    1. There are 7 divisions in both the Bible and in Jewish History
    2. The time periods form a symmetrical arrangement around a central division ie

    430 - 390 - 40 - 40 - 40 - 390 - 430

    Similarly the Bible Wheel orders the books symmetrically, so that we get 5 - 12 - 5 - 22 - 5 - 12 - 5 - that is two outer circles of 5 - 12 - 5 arranged symmetrically arround a central circle of 22

    In the case of the books, the first three divisions (5 + 12 + 5) reflect the last 3 divisions (5 + 12 + 5) , and both sum to 22 books

    In the case of the historical periods, the first three periods (430 + 390 + 40) reflect the last three periods (40 + 390 + 430) and both sum to 860 years = 2200000/7 days
    The Menorah pattern is very rich. You find it all the time as you study Scripture.

    We should not forget that there is a pairing of periods according to this pattern. For example, the period of the Judges corresponds to the Divided Kingdom. That helps to discern the connections between the periods and the canonical divisions.

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    So, from the beginning of the Egyptian Captivity till the beginning of David's reign there were 2200000/7 days (a complete circle or cycle)
    From the end of David's reign till the end of the Gentile Captivity there were 2200000/7 days (a complete circle or cycle)
    Very nice! 22/7 x 10^5 is a good approximation: it is off by a couple hundred days - less than a year! And 22/7 is the first best approximation of pi, the number of the circle.

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    If the 7 book divisions are placed along side the 7 period divisions , and if the book divisions are in the sequence 1 - 2 - 3 - 7 - 6 - 5 - 4 , just as in the Bible Wheel, then we get this pattern -

    Egyptian Captivity - 430 y - Torah
    Judges - 390 years - OT History
    Saul - 40 years - Wisdom
    David - 40 years - Epistles
    Solomon - 40 years - NT History
    Divided Kingdom - 390 years - Minor Prophets
    Gentile Captivity - 430 years - Major Prophets
    Great insight, Craig!

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    What is so wierd about this is that the Torah does indeed focus on the period from Abraham to Moses, a period of 430 years.
    This is a perfect match! The first period spans the time of Abraham til the death of Moses, and this is narrated in the Torah!

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    And the Major Prophets do indeed focus on the gentile captivity. Jeremiah, Daniel and Exekiel are completely set in this period - a period of 430 years.
    Another one! The Major Prophets obviously have everything to do with the "Gentile Captivity". Unlike the other three prophets, Isaiah didn't live in this period, but the oracles recorded in his book have everything to do with it!

    I'll get back to the rest of your opening post later.

  9. #9
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    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    Then, the minor prophets all lived during the divided kingdom, a period of 390 years.
    The pair is Minor Prophets - Divided Kingdom. This is yet another connection! The Minor Prophets didn't all live during the divided kingdom. The last three are post-exilic, living during the Gentile dominion.

    But the link is robust. The 12 prophets came from both the Northern (Israel) and Southern (Judah) Kingdoms. Hosea preached in the North. Joel prophesied to Judah. Amos, in turn, was a prophet in Israel. And so it goes. If there is a canonical division related to "Divided Kingdom," the Minor Prophets are a strong candidate. Of course the second division, OT History, is related to "Divided Kingdom" as well, since it narrates the history of the two kingdoms. And this exact division forms a pair with the Minor Prophets on the Canon Wheel (which displays a Menorah-like structure as you point out).

    The Second Canonical Division, OT History, can be grouped into the period of the Judges (Joshua, Judges and Ruth), the Kingdom (Samuel, Kings and Chronicles) and the Post-Exilic Period (Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther). In the Jewish History Menorah-structure, OT History links to the period of the Judges. It thus links to just part of the history, but that is enough in order to establish a valid link, since the period of the Judges is a distinctive and integral part of OT History and functions as representative of the whole history. It is the first (head) part of the history, by the way. See more about the grouping of OT History Books at Divided Kingdom, Divided Books I and Divided Books II.

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    The 5 books of wisdom are associated with Solomon who reigned for 40 years.
    Oops! The books of Wisdom are associated with Saul and not Solomon. But look at what you found! The books of Wisdom are paired with NT History, which is actually associated with Solomon. Saul's period mirrors Solomon's in the Menorah structure and thus Wisdom bears a connection with Solomon, whose name is strongly associated with the books of Wisdom. This is an indirect link based on the canonical pairs like the one between Minor Prophets and Divided Kingdom above.

    The Solomon period links to NT History and there seems to be a link between those. The four Gospels depict Jesus as a New Solomon, for He is the Messiah, the Son of David, the Son of God - and these three titles were also attributed to Solomon. "Behold, a greater than Solomon is here." (Luke 11:31) The last book of NT History, Acts, depicts the Kingdom of the New Solomon, the Church.

    Quote Originally Posted by Craig.Paardekooper View Post
    The NT History takes place over a 40 year period from 30 A.D. to 70 A.D.
    The Epistles were all written during the same 40 year period.
    Very good insight. The "David Period" would correspond to the NT Epistles. Both David's kingdom and the Epistles focus on a period of roughly 40 years. A member of the forum once compared those two periods:
    The 40 year period of the tabernacle of David is a beautiful picture of the 40 year period from 30 to 70 AD. Consider this please:

    During that 40 year period there were two tabernacles existing at the same time, the tabernacle of Moses in Gibeon, and the tabernacle of David in Zion.

    The tabernacle of Moses had the priests there performing their usual rituals of sacrifices and such, but the presence of God was not there, since the ark was not there. This pictures the temple during the 40 years of 30 to 70, where the presence of God was no longer there yet they were still sacrificing and performing all the duties of the temple.

    Over in Jerusalem, on Mt. Zion, we have the tabernacle of David, a simple tent structure, inside of which is God's presence. There was only one sacrifice mentioned here, which took place during its inauguration when the ark was placed inside. This pictures the one and only sacrifice needed of our Lord Jesus Christ.

    There was also praise and worship, life filled with joy exhibited here, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Also, amazingly, there was no dividing curtain separating the people from the presence of God. They were in his presence, seeing him unabated. This pictures beautifully the first century believers being in the presence of God, apart from consciousness of sin, beholding the Lord face to face.

    This 40 year period of the tabernacle of David pictures beautifully the 40 year period of the 1st century Church, in whom was found the promise fulfilled, the tabernacle of David was indeed rebuilt.

  10. #10
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    I forgot to comment on the third Period-Division pair, namely, Saul-Wisdom.

    I don't see a big in-your-face association between Saul's Kingdom and the Five Wisdom Books, but some facts stand out. The Book of Psalms, for example, is the largest one. Most of it was written by David, who was greatly persecuted by Saul during the reign of the latter. His name appears in the heading of several Psalms. There is thus a primary association between the kingdom of Saul and the Wisdom Books.

    Plus the books of Wisdom - not only the Psalms, but also Job, Proverbs and Ecclesiastes - constantly depict the conflict between good and evil, between the righteous and the wicked, and we know that, in Scripture, one of the most representative embodiements of this conflict is found in the persecution of David by Saul.

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