Contributed by Craig Paardekooper: Published 07/04/2002
Frequency of References to Creation in the
Books of the Bible.
In carrying out this study, I have chosen the words below
as references to creation. Firstly, all the different tenses of the verb "to
create" were searched for. Secondly, references to the creator / maker were
searched for. Thirdly, references to the thing created - heaven, earth - were
create, created, creating, formed
I made a careful search for the occurrence of each of
these words in each of the books of the Old and New Testament. I searched in the
NIV Version using the Gateway Bible Search tool.
I discovered that the maximum number of references to
creation occur in the 23rd book of the Bible - Isaiah.
I then made a careful
search of the chapters of Isaiah to find out which chapters contained the
references to creation. The chapter with the maximum number of references to
creation is chapter 45.
Thus, the maximum number of references to creation
occurs in Book 23,Chapter 45 - that is in a Spoke 1 chapter of a Spoke 1 book.
Coincidentally, when I searched for the word
CREATION itself, in each of the books of the
Bible, the maximum frequency occurred in Book 45 - Romans. It is a great
coincidence is it not that Romans is a Spoke 1 book. Secondly, I had
expected the 66 chapters of Isaiah to parallel the 66 books of the Bible, and I
had already found that the 45th chapter of Isaiah contained the highest
frequency of references to creation of all the chapters of Isaiah.
I also searched for COMBINATIONS of the words occurring in
the same verse.
The first verse of Genesis says "IN THE BEGINNING GOD CREATED THE HEAVENS AND
THE EARTH" It is with this phrase that the Bible begins the creation account.
Similarly, the creation account ends with the phrase "THIS IS THE ACCOUNT OF THE
HEAVENS AND THE EARTH WHEN THEY WERE CREATED. WHEN THE LORD GOD MADE THE EARTH
AND THE HEAVENS... "
So I searched for verses containing all the words -
HEAVENS and EARTH.
Once again I found that the maximum frequency occurred in Genesis and Isaiah. I
also looked for the combination - GOD,
EARTH. Finally I looked for the combination
GOD, CREATED, MADE,
HEAVENS, EARTH. Only 2 verses in the whole Bible contain all five
words. One is in Genesis, the other is Isaiah chapter 45. [Ed. This set therefore forms a Spoke 1 KeyLink.]
CHANCE or DESIGN?
It is worth clarifying that this phenomena defies chance
probability. It is clearly the product of deliberation.
The probability of a spoke 1 book - ISAIAH - containing
the maximum number of references to creation = 1 in 22
The probability of a spoke 1 chapter - ISAIAH 45 - containing the maximum number
of references to creation = 1 in 22
The probability of Romans containing the maximum number of occurrences of the
word CREATION itself = 1 in 22
The total probability is therefore 1 in 22 x 22 x 22 = 1 in 10,648 = 0.00932%
If we take a 5% probability as level as the threshold
between chance and design, then the frequency word patterns are definitely the
product of design.
It seems that it was either the intention of the
writer Isaiah himself or the intention of God that the Scripture should contain
this pattern, albeit a hidden pattern, kept secret until now. It's occurrence
depends on the placing of the Book of Isaiah as the 23rd book of the Bible.
Isaiah had no control over this, since the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther
precede Isaiah's book in the Bible, yet they were written after Isaiah in the
post exile period. Secondly, Isaiah had no control over the writing of the book
of Romans 700 years later. Thirdly Isaiah had no control over the remaining 43
books of the Bible any of which could have decided to include copious
references to creation. So if Isaiah is not responsible for this pattern, who
To answer this question we have to look a bit deeper.
Looking at the frequencies found in the chapters of Isaiah, we see that chapter
45 is CLOSELY followed by chapter 43 with the second highest frequency. Surely,
if Isaiah was wanting to make a conscious point he would have made chapter 45
stand out without any competing chapters.
A similar observation may be made concerning the first
graph above. Book 45 has a distinctive peak yet
is dwarfed by Psalms and Jeremiah. If the writer of
Romans was consciously creating this pattern, he would surely have increased the
number of references to creation.
These observations lead me to believe that though the
patterns ARE the product of deliberation, this deliberation is not conscious.
Rather the deliberation is unconscious. What this means is that though the
writers were unconscious of what they were doing, they were in fact following a
definite pattern. It is a bit like a person who paints a picture blindfold. He
cannot see what he is doing, but at the end he comes out with a master-piece. It
would therefore seem that his hand was guided, and the result to some extent was
kept hidden even from himself. Could this be a glimpse of what it means when it
is said that all scripture is God breathed and inspired?
A DEMONSTRATION OF CREATION
Isaiah 45 contains an amazing prophecy. It says that it is
God who forms us in the womb, and then the chapter goes on to give the name of
Cyrus as the person who will set the captives free and rebuild the Temple. In
other words it accurately prophecies the coming of Cyrus by name about 150 years
before Cyrus was even born - hence demonstrating that God did indeed form Cyrus
in the womb. This is quite incredible in itself, and more so considering the
pre-eminent position of Isaiah 45 as the creation chapter. This proof of God's
creative activity, found in the main creation chapter, is the crowning
touch...in the words of Isaiah, "so that from the rising of the sun to the place
of it's setting men may know that there is none besides me".